Near Dome of the Ascension, Temple Mount, Jerusalem
The Dome of the Ascension (Qubbat al-Miraj) is a free-standing dome that commemorates the Islamic prophet Muhammad's ascension to heaven. It is located just north the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
It is not clear when the original dome was built, but is assumed to have been either Ummayad or Abbasid work, because it is mentioned by Ibn al-Fakih in 903 CE and by al-Muqaddasi in 985 CE as being one of the "two minor domes"; the other being the Dome of the Prophet.
However, the modern-day Dome of the Ascension was built by the Ayyubid governor of Jerusalem, Izz ad-Din az-Zanjili in 1200 from Crusader construction materials.
The Temple Mount,is identified in both Jewish and Islamic tradition as the area of Mount Moriah where...
The dome of the Rock shrine, with a large golden dome and an octagon structure, was built in 691AD, ...
Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.
The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.
Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!
When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.
Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.
Text by Steve Smith.