The city is located 27 km to the south of the railway station on the line Nochka "Ruzaevka-Samara", 120 km north-east of Penza, River Vyrgan (pool Inza, Sura). Located in the eastern part of the Russian Plain. Climate - temperate continental with distinct seasons. Relatively mild winters (average temperature of -10 °). Summer is dry, with a predominance of heavy rainfall.The modern city has, dairy and bakery, timber plant, 5 secondary schools, vocational schools, 5 libraries, arts school, children's sports school, Folk Orchestra (founded in 1904), two health centers and a hospital. Lay the straight streets, modern buildings to preserve the continuity and is linked to the main enterprise of the city - the factory "Red Giant" with cascading ponds on the river. Vyrgan and the main street connecting the two historic city center.
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.