Northern Lights Þingvellir Informatio...
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Panoramic photo by Tom Mills EXPERT Taken 16:11, 24/04/2008 - Views loading...

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Northern Lights Þingvellir Information Office

The World > Europe > Iceland

Tags: science

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A quick guide to Northern Lights...

The sun gives off high-energy charged particles (also called ions) that travel out into space at speeds of 300 to 1200 kilometres per second. A cloud of such particles is called a plasma. The stream of plasma coming from the sun is known as the solar wind. As the solar wind interacts with the edge of the earth's magnetic field, some of the particles are trapped by it and they follow the lines of magnetic force down into the ionosphere, the section of the earth's atmosphere that extends from about 60 to 600 kilometres above the earth's surface. When the particles collide with the gases in the ionosphere they start to glow, producing the spectacle that we know as the auroras, northern and southern. The array of colours consists of red, green, blue and violet.

Read more about the Northern Lights here.

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Nearby images in Iceland

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A: Iceland Excursions Northern Light mystery Tour

by Tom Mills, 180 meters away

Join Iceland Excursions for a mysterious trip, on a dark night, any time from the onset of autumn dar...

Iceland Excursions Northern Light mystery Tour

B: Þingvellir - Main Viewpoint

by Tom Mills, 580 meters away

Þingvellir - Main Viewpoint

C: Northern Lights at Þingvellir

by Tom Mills, 1.2 km away

Aurora borealis (or the northern lights) most often occur from September to October and from March to...

Northern Lights at Þingvellir

D: Northern Lights at Þingvellir

by Tom Mills, 1.2 km away

Aurora borealis (or the northern lights) most often occur from September to October and from March to...

Northern Lights at Þingvellir

E: Northern Lights at Þingvellir

by Tom Mills, 1.2 km away

Aurora borealis (or the northern lights) most often occur from September to October and from March to...

Northern Lights at Þingvellir

F: Northern Lights at Þingvellir

by Tom Mills, 1.2 km away

Aurora borealis (or the northern lights) most often occur from September to October and from March to...

Northern Lights at Þingvellir

G: Northern Light appearing at 21:30

by Tom Mills, 1.4 km away

A thin band of the Northern Lights appears just after sun down. Typically the aurora appears either a...

Northern Light appearing at 21:30

H: Þingvellir - Large Crack !

by Tom Mills, 1.9 km away

Þingvellir - Large Crack !

I: Piknikování na Thingvelliru

by Jan Vrsinsky, 3.8 km away

Piknikování na Thingvelliru

J: Thingvellir National Park viewpoint

by Heinz Kirschner, 3.9 km away

There are only few places on earth where you can watch the continental drift of the eurasian and amer...

Thingvellir National Park viewpoint

This panorama was taken in Iceland, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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