Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Brujas
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Panoramic photo by Fernando Cifuentes Duque EXPERT Taken 17:52, 19/07/2013 - Views loading...

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Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Brujas

The World > Europe > Belgium > Brugge - Bruges

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Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Brujas (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk)

Localización
País     Bélgica
División     Región Flamenca
Subdivisión     Provincia de Flandes Occidental
Municipio(s)     Brujas
Información religiosa
Culto     Católica romana
Acceso público     Libre
Uso     Iglesia
Advocación     María (madre de Jesús)
Historia del edificio
Construcción     Siglos XIII-XV
Estilo     Gótico
Datos arquitectónicos
Materiales     Ladrillo
Aguja(s)     122.30 (altura)
Otros datos
Destacable     2.ª estructura de ladrillo más alta del mundo
Mapa(s) de localización

Coordenadas     51°12′17″N 3°13′28

La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora (en neerlandés: Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk), en Brujas, Bélgica, es una gran iglesia medieval que data principalmente de los siglos XIII, XIV y XV. Su torre, de 122,3 metros de altura, sigue siendo la estructura más alta de la ciudad y la segunda torre de ladrillo más alta del mundo (la más alta es la iglesia de San Martín en Landshut, Alemania).

La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Brujas se construyó en el siglo XIII en el lugar que ocupaba en el centro histórico de Brujas una iglesia románica anterior. Su arquitectura está inspirada en la no lejana catedral de Nuestra Señora de Tournai. Entre 1270 y 1340 se construyó la torre de 122 metros de altura, situada en la nave colateral norte. Hacia la mitad del siglo XV, se añade una flecha de 54 metros de altura de ladrillo al edificio.

En el espacio del coro detrás del altar mayor se encuentran las tumbas de Carlos el Temerario, último duque de Borgoña de la dinastía Valois, y de su hija, la duquesa María de Borgoña. Las efigies de bronce dorado de ambos, padre e hija, reposan cuan largos eran sobre losas pulidas de piedra negra. Ambos están coronados, y Carlos se representa con armadura completa y luciendo la Orden del Toisón de Oro.

El pieza del altar de la larga capilla en el pasillo sur alberga el tesoro artístico más famoso de la iglesia, una escultura de mármol blanco, conocida como la Madonna de Brujas, creada por Miguel Ángel, de alrededor de 1504. Probablemente fue originalmente concebida para la catedral de Siena, aunque fue comprada en Italia por dos comerciantes de Brujas, los hermanos Jan y Alexander Mouscron, que, en 1514, la donaron a su actual casa. La escultura se recuperó dos veces después de haber sido saqueada por ocupantes extranjeros: los revolucionarios franceses, hacia 1794, y los nazis alemanes en 1944.

Obras de arte

* del escultor Jan Borreman, un magnífico mausoleo gótico, de 1502, de la duquesa María de Borgoña erigido por su marido, el emperador Maximiliano I del Sacro Imperio Romano.
* del escultor Jacques Jonghelinck, un mausoleo renacentista, de 1562, para Carlos el Temerario (el padre de María de Borgoña), erigido por su tatara-tatara-nieto, el rey Felipe II de España.
* La conocida como Madonna de Brujas, una estatua de mármol de la Virgen con Niño de Miguel Ángel de 1504.
    Varias pinturas de los primitivos flamencos, como:
* Gerard David : La Transfiguración (el pintor está enterrado en esta iglesia);
* Adrián Isenbrandt : Vierge aux sept douleurs ;
* Barend van Orley : Triptiquo de la Pasión de Cristo ;
* Pieter Pourbus : Natividad de 1574.

Texto obtenido de Wikipedia en la pagina http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iglesia_de_Nuestra_Se%C3%B1ora_de_Brujas

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This panorama was taken in Brugge - Bruges

This is an overview of Brugge - Bruges

Overview and History

Bruges is the historic capital of West Flanders, Flanders being one of the three regions of Belgium. Do you know enough about Belgium for that to make sense? Let's hit the facts first:

Belgium has three official regions, Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, and the Brussels-Capital Region nested within Flanders. If you move to Wallonia you get to be a Walloon.

The Flemish region speaks Dutch and the Walloons speak French. There's a bit of German floating around the country as well, as it is positioned between the Germanic and the Latin countries.

This position has put Belgium in the center of both European commerce and battle over commerce, for hundreds of years. The North Sea is technically the busiest sea in the world, and Bruges has been getting a slice of the traffic for more than half a millenium -- with its accompanying scuffles over territory.

Bruges used its location to great advantage in the early years (13th to 16th Centuries) to build wealth trading in wool, textiles, wine, grain, and spices.

The industrial base of Bruges grew around banking, which helped to accelerate the development of the Flemish region, while the Northern Wallonia remained more pastoral and agriculturally bound. The historic division between the two main regions continues to influence the wide variety in the Belgian economy to this day.

Bruges functioned as a major hub of shipping and trade until the Zwin channel filled with silt in the 16th century, limiting access to the sea. Decline in trade caused Bruges to step back from the center stage of marketplace, while nearby Antwerp stole into the light. It took nearly two hundred years for Bruges to rebuild its industrial structures and reclaim its capacity for large ships. During that period of time it became known as a tourist center.

By the way, Belgium was one of the founding member states of the European Union. EU and NATO headquarters are located in Brussels.

In modern times, the port of Bruges-Zeebrugge is one of the fastest growing ports in Europe. It is Europe's largest natural gas terminal, it handles 40 million tons of container cargo per year, and functions as the main hub for vehicle transport in Europe.

Hello... Energy? Transportation? Yes, there are people who care quite a lot about these supplies and who are willing to funnel a significant amount of money into their movements.

Getting There

Well after all that, it's pretty obvious that you can get there by ship. You can even drive your new car into a cargo container, ride to Bruges on a ship, and then drive off when you arrive. (Roll on, roll off ports are referred to as RORO, when you see RORO it means BIG BOATS.) Ro Ro Ro your boat.

There are three airports in Belgium. The local airport for Bruges is called Ostend/ Bruges International Airport (OST). Ostend is only 30km from Bruges and there are plenty of car rental services available. There are also many confusing roads available, so grab a map and get your blue streak of curses ready to use when you're lost!

The other two airports are Deurne Airport-Antwerp and Zaventem Airport-Brussels. You can easily take a train between any of them.

Transportation

Being that Bruges is invested with centuries of hosting travellers and their stores of goods to sell, the city is accessible via an amazing variety of vehicles.

Within the city you can take a bus for 1.20EUR. Since driving is difficult in the city, they have inspired drivers not to do it. Instead, you can park your car at the train station and receive a free pass to ride the buses until midnight of that same day. Cool, right?

People and Culture

Bruges is one of Belgium's chief tourist attractions; it has become a major tourism city as well as an industrial port. Its nickname is "The Venice of the North," for its many canals and proximity to waterways. The population is about 117,000 in Bruges and near 250,000 including the entire metropolitan area.

In 2002 Bruges was designated the "European Capital of Culture." It has a well-preserved historic center filled with medieval art and architecture.

Because of its booming tourist trade, you may find yourself touring among non-locals rather than anyone who might be discernable as "quaint" or "local." It's a beer pilgramage in progress, in other words. The Belgian ales are world famous; check out Brugs Beertje for a few samples.

Things to do & Recommendations

Belgian ale? Try the Brewery Do Gouden Boom, a brewery museum with living flavour for you to sample. There are a wealth of other museums to visit in Bruges, most notably the Groeninge Museum displaying the works of Jan van Eyck and the Flemish Primitives.

For eating and drinking, Bruges offers everything from sushi to vegetarian restaurants. After you take in your protein and vegetables, let's be healthy here people, you can finish yourself off at the Chocolate Story Museum.

As for night life, Bruges is more centered around drinking than dancing. Here's a rough geographical breakdown.

In central Bruges, head to Burg square. In the north you can find an artists area around Blekerstraat. Students congregate to the east on Langestraat, and you can catch great music at the open-air cafes on Eiermarkt. In the southern area there's the trendy and pricier stuff, have a walk around Zonnekemeers Oud Sint Jan and see what you can see.

Text by Steve Smith.

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