OISF 2011, Top Floor, Barony Mill, Bi...
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Panoramic photo by John Leith EXPERT Taken 13:45, 04/09/2011 - Views loading...

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OISF 2011, Top Floor, Barony Mill, Birsay, Orkney

The World > Europe > Scotland

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Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage Rally

The OISF is an annual festival which has expanded from pure science to include history, art, music and anything else which will interest the general public.

This is a traditional Orkney water mill used to grind flour and bere (pronounced bear).

Bere is an ancient type of Barley which has been grown in Orkney for centuries.

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Nearby images in Scotland

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A: OISF 2011, 1st Floor, Baroney Mill, Birsay, Orkney

by John Leith, less than 10 meters away

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, 1st Floor, Baroney Mill, Birsay, Orkney

B: Earls palace, Birsay, Orkney

by John Leith, 750 meters away

The Earl's palace was built in the late 16th century. It was ordered to be built by Robert Stewart, 1...

Earls palace, Birsay, Orkney

C: Skiba Geo, Birsay, Orkney

by John Leith, 970 meters away

Skiba Geo has been in use since Viking times. It is a sheltered beach making it easy to land fishing ...

Skiba Geo, Birsay, Orkney

D: Brough of Birsay, Birsay, Orkney

by John Leith, 1.5 km away

The Brough of Birsay is a small island not far from the Mainland of Orkney. There is a walkway which ...

Brough of Birsay, Birsay, Orkney

E: Beach, Birsay, Orkney

by John Leith, 1.5 km away

This is the beach at Birsay. The island to the west is the Broch of Birsay and at low tide a causeway...

Beach, Birsay, Orkney

F: Broch of Birsay path, Birsay, Orkney

by John Leith, 1.7 km away

This is the path between the Broch of Birsay and the Orkney Mainland. The path is tidal so that it is...

Broch of Birsay path, Birsay, Orkney

G: Broch of Birsay, Orkney

by John Leith, 1.9 km away

The Broch of Birsay can be reached by a causeway which is flooded at high tide. On the broch there ar...

Broch of Birsay, Orkney

H: Hillside School, Harray, Orkney

by John Leith, 5.6 km away

This is Hillside School. My late sister, Anne Brundle lived here. The view over Birsay and out to the...

Hillside School, Harray, Orkney

I: OISF 2011, Orkney Brewery, Quoyloo, Orkney

by John Leith, 6.5 km away

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, Orkney Brewery, Quoyloo, Orkney

J: Machinery, Dounby Show 2011, Dounby, Orkney

by John Leith, 7.6 km away

The Dounby Show is always on the second Sunday in August. It is the West Mainland Agricultural Show a...

Machinery, Dounby Show 2011, Dounby, Orkney

This panorama was taken in Scotland, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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