Old Town - Stary Rynek
Stary Rynek w Łodzi pokrywa się swym położeniem z centrum średniowiecznej osady miejskiej - miasteczka Łódź. Stary Rynek ma formę dużego placu o kształcie zbliżonym do prostokątu o wymiarach ok. 105 na 85 m. Z 3 stron - od północy, ze wschodu i z zachodu otaczają go charakterystyczne kamienice z podcieniami, przy czym budynki po zachodniej stronie placu oddzielone są od niego przebiegającą wzdłuż Rynku ulicą Zgierską. Od południa do Placu przylega Park Staromiejski.
Stary Rynek w Łodzi ma bardzo bogatą historię. Położony jest w pięknej okolicy starego miasta, Parku ...
The system of the monumental edifices located in ul. Ogrodowa is one of the most spectacular examples...
The Manufaktura project unites the past with the present, it connects the historical look with the mo...
Several hundred metres south of the Old Town a new settlement grew in the 1820s. It opened up the str...
Another view of streets of Lodz city in Poland. This is an intersection of streets: Piotrkowska and R...
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.