Ostrog Synagogue - one of the oldest in Eastern Europe, Ukraine has remained such units. The plate of the Ukrainian SSR, it was reported that the building is an architectural monument, reports that it has built in the 15th c. For sure it is not known, but it is known that in the early 17th century, during the life of the educator - Talmudist Shmuel Eydelsa, it already existed.
In Ostrog synagogue - an amazing story. In 1648 and 1649, she witnessed pogroms arranged troops Bohdan Khmelnytsky. As reported by Jewish sources of the time, neighboring wells were then filled with the corpses of Jewish children. In 1792, the synagogue where Jews hid Ostroz'ki stormed the Russian troops led by General Mikhail Kakhovskii. The Russians took the building for the fortress in which entrenched Poles and fired its cannons. According to legend, was miraculously saved Jews. Even those kernels that have flown into the building through the broken windows, no harm is inside people. On the third day of the attack on behalf of the local brave Eliezer came out of the synagogue, and showed the king's troops ford across the river Neris, then went away from the Jail. In memory of this event in the wall of the synagogue did not render over traces of nuclei, and one of the cores hung inside the building chain. There is even a legend that this was a golden chain.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.