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This castle is, aside from the venetian walls, a second defensive fort, built by the de Lusignans in the 13th century. It was reinforced and expanded in the beginning of the 16th century by the Venetians. According to legend, this is where Cristoforo Moro, a high Venetian official in Cyprus during the years 1506-08, killed his beautiful but unfaithful wife Desdemona. The case inspired Shakespeare to write his play Othello, hence the present name of the castle.
Famagusta (Greek: Αμμόχωστος, Ammóchōstos; Turkish: Gazimağusa or Mağusa) is a city on the east coast of Cyprus and is capital of the Famagusta District. It is located in a bay between Capes Greco and Eloea, east of Nicosia, and possesses the deepest harbour in the island. Since the 1974 Turkish invasion the city has resided in the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The old tourist quarter of Varosha is abandoned pending a settlement of the Cyprus dispute. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famagusta