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Paris - Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Jardin des Plantes
Paris

Muséum national d’histoire naturelle:

Das Muséum national d’histoire naturelle ist ein staatliches französisches Naturkundemuseum in Paris, das zudem eine Forschungs- und Bildungseinrichtung für Bio- und Geowissenschaften (Fachgebiete: Zoologie, Botanik, Geologie und Paläontologie, samt abgeleiteten Disziplinen wie der Ökologie) umfasst. Das am 10. Juni 1793 gegründete Museum hat den Status eines grand établissement und untersteht dem französischen Bildungs-, Forschungs- und Umweltministerium.

Die Initiative ergriff Joseph Lakanal, der der Konstituante vorschlug, die Sammlungen des Louis V. Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Condé zur Einrichtung des Museums zu verwenden.

Seine wissenschaftlichen Sammlungen, mit dem weltweit drittgrößten Gesamtbestand nach dem National Museum of Natural History der Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC und dem Londoner Natural History Museum, umfassen unter anderem 40 Millionen Insekten, 8 Millionen Blütenpflanzen und 7 Millionen sonstige Pflanzen, Algen und Pilze (Kryptogamen).

Zur Zeit seiner Gründung in den Pionierjahren der Biologie war das Museum für lange Zeit die wichtigste Naturforschungs- und Bildungseinrichtung der Welt, deren Lehrstühle von den bedeutendsten Biologen und Naturwissenschaftlern besetzt waren.

Am Hauptstandort des Museums in Paris befindet sich auch ein dem Museum angeschlossener Zoo, die Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes.

Jardin des Plantes:

Der Jardin des Plantes (französisch Pflanzengarten) ist ein Botanischer Garten in Paris mit einer Fläche von 23,5 ha. Er liegt im Südosten der Stadt, am südlichen Ufer der Seine im 5. Arrondissement zwischen der Pariser Moschee und der wissenschaftlichen Fakultät „Jussieu“.

Der bereits im Jahr 1626 angelegte und 1635 als Jardin du roi der Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemachte Garten ist der älteste Bestandteil des bedeutenden staatlichen Forschungs- und Bildungsinstitutes für Naturwissenschaften Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, das im Jahr 1793 gegründet wurde. Er wird begrenzt von den Wirkungsstätten des Institutes, darunter mehrere Ausstellungsgebäude wie die sehenswerte Galerié de l'Evolution, und der sogenannten Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes, dem einzigen Pariser Tiergarten innerhalb der Ringautobahn (Boulevard périphérique). Diese Menagerie kam als Resultat der Französischen Revolution zustande: Einem Beschluss aus 1793 zufolge hätten die exotischen Tiere privater Schausteller entweder den Resten der Menagerie von Versailles zugeordnet werden oder geschlachtet und den Naturforschern des Jardin des Plantes zur Ausstopfung übergeben werden sollen. Letztere ließen die Tiere leben. Der Zoo des Jardin des Plantes bildet auch nach der Eröffnung des neuen Zoos im Bois de Vincennes (1934) ein attraktives Freizeitangebot.

Der Garten wurde ursprünglich als Jardin royal des plantes médicinales (Königlicher Heilkräutergarten) von den königlichen Leibärzten Ludwigs XIII., Jean Héroard (1551–1628)

Quelle: Wikipedia

Copyright: H.J.Weber
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Resolution: 9388x4694
Uploaded: 14/09/2012
Updated: 10/07/2014
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More About Paris

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Here's the train information for connections to the city.TransportationHere's one of the 380 metro stations in Paris, the Palais-Royale at the Louvre. Looking good! This is Europe's second-largest metro system and it's connected with the buses the commuter rail network to get you around the city.People and CultureBeside the fact that Paris contains all walks of life, "people and culture" in Paris is synonymous with food and wine. Here we are smack in the middle of it, La Contrescarpe at Mouffetard Street.Remember, champagne was perfected here during the Belle Epoque, and you need the proper setting in which to drink it.And check out this fish shop!! This is what the zoom tool was made for!In case you're wondering, there's a gritty side to Paris, too. Here's a little mobile graffiti.In the same vein, by which I mean "cheap" or "free", stroll around Left Bank to the flea market at Place Maubert.Street musicians are another great thing about Paris. 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