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Pecina Ceremosnja
Serbia

Pecina Ceremošnja se nalazi u istocnoj Srbiji, u  podnožju Homoljskih planina i u ataru sela Ceremošnja, po kome je dobila ime.  Udaljena je  150 km od  Beograda, odnosno 15 km od Kuceva.

U 19. veku u pecini su se krili hajduci i zbegovi od  Turaka. Pecina je ranije  bila poznata kao Jovanova  pecina, po Jovanu Grujicu,  simpatizeru partizanskog pokreta, na cijem se imanju nalazio ulaz u pecinu.

Sve do 1977. godine, kada je prosecen put do pecine, Ceremošnja je bila    gotovo nepristupacna i dostupna samo speleolozima. Za posete je zvanicno  otovrena 1980. godine. Istraženo je 775 m pecinskih kanala, od cega je za  turiste pristupacno 431 m. Ulaz u pecinu se nalazi na kraju doline Strugarskog  potoka i u podnožju krecnjacke litice  visoke 12 m, na nadmorskoj visini od

532 m. Strugarski potok i danas ponire u pecini, periodicno i tada donosi velike
kolicine vucenog i suspendovanog nanosa koji ugrožava turisticko uredenje i
korišcenje pecine.

  Prateci podzemni tok Strugarskog potoka siže se  do "Arene", najvece  dvorane u pecini i jedne od  najlepših u Srbiji. Ima oblik amfiteatra, precnika je  50 m i visine 20 m. Kupola je prekrivena belim
krecnjakom, ukrašena je  brojnim stalaktitima i  providnim draperijama. Posebnu pažnju privlaci 5 m  visok  stalagmit "Lepa Vlajna", koji podseca na
ženu obucenu u tradicionalnu  narodnu nošnju.

  U  blizini se nalaze dva spojena stuba - "Mladoženja" i  "Drugovi", kao i grupa  ukrasa pod nazivom "Babuna" i "Vodopad". Veliki  blokovi koji su se srušili sa  tavanice dobili su nazive "Veliki krš", "Mali krš" i  "Stol planina". Dalje u  dvorani nalazi se stalagmit "Na vecnoj straži", koji  podseca na  srednjevekovnog viteza i srpskog vojnika iz Prvog svetskog rata.

  Iz "Arene" posetioci prolaze kroz dvoranu "Dveri" i stižu do "Ponorske  dvorane", koja predstavlja podzemni kanal Strugarskog potoka. Gornji prolaz  vodi nazad do "Arene" i "Andezitske hale" sa tavanicom koja je bogata  ukrasima. Iz nje se stiže do "Južnog kanala", koji je novijeg datuma i nije  bogat pecinskim ukrasima. Tu je napravljen novi izlaz, udaljen oko 100 m od  glavnog ulaza, što omugucava kružni obilazak pecine.

  U blizini pecine se nalazi Botanicki park-arboretum, u kome su prisutne biljne  vrste koje nastanjuju Karpatsko-balkansko podrucje naše zemlje i Etno-park u  kome posetioci mogu da se upoznaju sa zanimanjima, obicajima i predmetima  materijalne kulture stanovnika Homolja.

http://www.melnica.com/Ceremosnja.htm

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Copyright: Saša Stojanović
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10000x5000
Uploaded: 06/02/2011
Updated: 18/09/2014
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Tags: ceremosnja; pecina; cave; serbia; srbija
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