Is the main square of the capital of Karelia. Place the major city events and celebrations. The first buildings in what is now the square were two wooden churches: St. Peter and Paul with a high spire and Svyatoduhovskaya (later Resurrection), built in the early XVIII century. In 1777 the settlement was granted the status of the city and the city administration has started implementing the first urban development plan. According to it, the area around the temple has become almost square, and the planned construction of the stone cathedral. In 1790 the building was constructed of the national school, which later became the gymnasium (now the Museum of Fine Arts). In 1840 the house was built Syvorotkina merchant, who later purchased the gymnasium to accommodate the director. In the neighborhood in 1858 was built the guesthouse, which later housed all Women's Gymnasium (now the building ensemble Kantele). Further development was on the other side of the square. There at the end of the XIX century the building was built Petrozavodsk vocational school district and public schools. In 1859 - 1872 years in the square was erected the city's largest cathedral Svyatoduhovsky. In 1881 the square was erected a monument to Alexander II. After the Revolution Monument to Emperor demolished in 1924 and burned to the Resurrection and Paul Cathedral. In 1936 Svyatoduhovsky cathedral was blown up. In the same year his place was a monument to Bolshevik Sergei Kirov (real name Kostrikov).
In 1955 the architect Savva Brodsky was built Musical Theatre, and in 1965 the project of the same architect was reconstructed building of the Finnish Theatre.
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.