Port of Nice
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Panoramic photo by Patrick Weingarten EXPERT Taken 11:30, 15/04/2008 - Views loading...

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Port of Nice

The World > Europe > France > Nice

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The Harbour Lympia was begun in 1749 conducted by the military engineer Antonio-Felice Devincenti (Torino, on 1690-1778) which enlarges and deepens the marshy lake fed by the river Lympia. Opened to navigation in November, 1751, it is only a modest shelter which will have to be spread and dredged until 1761. The Torino's architect Ignatius count of Tavigliano plans to encircle it with a new city centered on a large Royal Place, plan which will be abandoned. In 1770, the first basin is ended. The engineer Filippo Nicolis count of Robilante undertakes to dig the internal basin but the harbour will remain incomplete, without docks. It is only in 1880 only he will attain his final dimensions; its finishing dates from the beginning of the century. Various enlargement concerning the outer harbour, the last around 1975, allowed him to receive the biggest ferryboats, improving links with Corsica (more than 500 000 passengers a year).

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Nearby images in Nice

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This panorama was taken in Nice, France

This is an overview of France

France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.

French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.

The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.

The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.

The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.

One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.

During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.

France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.

Text by Steve Smith.

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