0 Likes

Bridge over the river Mures, Tirgu-Mures
Targu Mures

The city was first documented in 1332 in the papal registry under the name Novum Forum Siculorum.


In 1405, the King of Hungary Sigismund of Luxembourg granted the city of Tîrgu Mureş (by then named Székelyvásárhely, see Székely) the right to organize fairs; in 1482 King Matthias Corvinus declared the city a royal settlement. It became a municipality in 1616, changing its name to Marosvásárhely, the Romanian equivalent of which is Târgu Mureş (târg and vásár mean "Market" in Romanian and Hungarian respectively). The city received a major boost to its social and economic life when it became home to supreme court of justice of the Principality of Transylvania in 1754.

Avram Iancu, the leader of the 1848 Romanian revolution in Transylvania, was a young lawyer in the city of Tîrgu Mureş before engaging in the fight for the rights of Romanians living in Transylvania.

In 1880 the statue of Bem was inaugurated in Roses Square, at the city's center; in 1893 the statue of Kossuth was as well. The statue of Rákóczi was also inaugurated in 1907. All three were demolished after World War I, in 1923.

The provincial appearance of the city changed greatly in the late 19th century and early 20th century. In 1913, the Transylvanian Secession-style city hall complex was opened, as part of mayor Bernády György's urban renewal. Economic success continued until World War II. After the conflict, together with the rest of Transylvania, Târgu Mureş became part of Romania and was re-named Oşorheiu. From having been an 89% Hungarian-populated city (1910), Romanian population increased throughout the latter half of the 20th century.

From 1940 to 1944, as a consequence of the Second Vienna Award, Târgu Mureş was ceded to Hungary. During this period, a Jewish ghetto was established in the city. It re-entered the Romanian administration at the end of the war in October 1944.

After World War II, the communist administration of Romania conducted a policy of massive industrialization that completely re-shaped the community, and set up a Hungarian Autonomous Province based in the city, which lasted 15 years. Târgu Mureş became the center of economic and social life of the region.

In March 1990, shortly after the Romanian Revolution of 1989 overthrew the communist regime, Târgu Mureş was the stage of violent confrontations between ethnic Hungarians and Romanians (See Ethnic clashes of Târgu Mureş).

As of 2000, a considerable percentage of the population of Târgu Mureş has started to work abroad temporarily. The local economy has started to get stronger after various investors settled in the area.

View More »

Copyright: Nimenenea
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 7500x3750
Uploaded: 04/05/2009
Updated: 23/09/2014
Views:

...


Tags: tirgu; mures; targu; romania; night; city; lights; river; water; snow; ice; bridge
comments powered by Disqus

Lehel Lokodi
Mureș/Maros Footbridge Afternoon, Târgu Mureș
Nimenenea
Brigde over the river Mures, Tirgu-Mures
Lehel Lokodi
Mureș Riverbanks in Summer, Târgu Mureș
Lehel Lokodi
Mureș Riverbanks in Summer, Târgu Mureș
Lehel Lokodi
Bridge across the Mureș/Maros, Târgu Mureș
Lajos Kovacs
Alee-Setany-Promenade
Lehel Lokodi
Mureș Riverbanks in Winter, Târgu Mureș
Michael Pop
Laci Csarda, a traditional hungarian restaurant in Targu Mures
Michael Pop
The Mures-Dam at sunset
Lehel Lokodi
Mureș/Maros Half Frozen, Târgu Mureș
Lehel Lokodi
Upstream End Across Turbine Channel, Târgu Mureș
Nimenenea
"Revolutiei" (Revolution's) Park, Tirgu-Mures, Romania
wongchichuen
Ganlu Rock Temple @ Golden Lake(泰寧甘露岩寺2),Taining County, Fujian, CN
Timo Weis
Bremen City
Jeffrey Martin
Winter in the Czech Countryside - 10
Jaime Brotons
Sagrada Familia handheld panorama, Barcelona
Magnus Dahlgren
Deep in the crane forest
Jeffrey Martin
Strahov Theological Library 70mm gigapixel 2014version 30k 15k small version
mostafa morjane
Mosquée Hassan II
Michał Nyklewicz
Lake at night 2
Nick Hobgood
Clear rock pools at sunrise
Jaime Brotons
Aerial panorama of Santa Pola above the Moor Tower
John Wood
Pukaki Aerodrome
Carsten Arenz
Swarovski Crystal World Wattens - Reflections 1
Nimenenea
Tirgu Mures National Theatre entrance
Nimenenea
Retezat Mountains glacial lakes
Nimenenea
The Medieval Fortress in Tirgu-Mures, Romania
Nimenenea
Tirgu Mures National Theatre, lower floor
Nimenenea
Astra Open Air Ethnographic Museum - metal and ore workshop
Nimenenea
Bad Valley, Retezat Mountains, Romania
Nimenenea
Petrosu Peak (2303), Rodna Mountains, Romania
Nimenenea
Sibiu Village Museum - Transylvanian houses
Nimenenea
Saint Parschiva Church, Targu-Mures, Romania
Nimenenea
Lala Lake, Rodna Mountains, Romania
Nimenenea
Descending From Retezat Mountains, near Buta Cabin
Nimenenea
Simo, Vlad&Cristi
More About Targu Mures

Marosvásárhely / Târgu Mureş lies at the junction of three geographical regions (Mezőség / Câmpia Transilvaniei, Maros Valley and Nyárádmente) at about 220 meters above sea level. The city extends onto both banks of the Maros / Mures river, however, the downtown area and the greater part of the districts are located on the left bank. The Somos-high is the city's highest point (465m above sea level, GPS co-ordinates: width N 46° 33,1840'; lenght E 24° 35,9050' ) The city's climate is moderately continental.The city is surrounded by the following townships: Marosszentgyörgy (Sîngeorgiu), Jedd (Livezeni), Marosszentanna, Marosszentkirály, Koronka (Corunca) and Maroskeresztúr.Distances between Târgu Mureş / Marosvásárhely and some of the major cities in Romania:    * Bucharest: by rail 448 km, by road 346 km    * Brasov / Brassó / Kronstadt: by rail 282 km, by road 171 km    * Cluj-Napoca / Kolozsvár 127 km by rail, by road 105 km    * Sibiu / Nagyszeben / Hermannstadt by rail 189 km, by road 124 km