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Puji Temple,Yuantong Treasure Hall west 普济寺-圆通寳殿西 (241)
Zhejiang Province

圆通宝殿:

      普济寺圆通宝殿人称“天下圆通殿之祖”,以“活大殿”著称于世。“百人共入不觉宽,千人齐登不觉挤”。大殿高21米,宽47米,进深29米,建筑面积1961平方米。殿前“圆通宝殿”匾额,是宋宁宗嘉庆七年(1214年)皇帝所赐。自此,普陀山被指定为世专供观世音菩萨道场。

      圆通殿,即为观音菩萨正殿,观音为何又叫“圆通”呢?据佛教说,观音是耳根通,用俗界的语言描述,观音的耳朵具有特异功能,观音一根通,即六根通(六根:眼、耳、鼻、舌、身、意),她听到苦难的呼救声,便能眼观,故名观音,圆通是观音的代名词,其意为“不偏倚、无阻碍”,圆满通达之意。

      观音圣像形态颇多,普陀山是观音道场,供奉的观音形像有十多种:圣观音、毗卢观音、海岛观音(鳌鱼观音)、千手观音、十一面观音、数珠手观音、水月观音、杨枝观音、白衣观音、紫竹观音(南海观音)等等。

      普济寺圆通宝殿内的本山主佛-毗卢观音。他头戴毗卢天冠,天冠上有阿弥陀佛像,慈眉善目,脸呈微笑,在莲花座上结跏趺坐,右手擎一支平开莲花,左手以横臂挡胸,拇指尖在食指尖上,中空呈圆形,其余三指而微微分开,结大悲施无畏印。这种形象,就是“圣观音”,又称“正观音”。善财童子、童女侧立两旁。大殿两侧还各塑有16尊不同服饰和形态的观音菩萨,称为“观音三十二应身”,亦即观音的32化身。展示了观音在“十方世界”,以不同身份出现的各种形象,包括神佛天王,文官武将,僧俗男女和龙、蛇、大鹏鸟等动物和拟人塑象,以显示普度众生的“法力广大”。这些都是观音以不同身份教化世人的现身说法形象。三十二应身观音只能以整体形式供奉,不能单独出现,加之中间供奉的观音佛身,这种塑法也正是观音道场的独特之处。这些像是1980年重塑的,出自中国美术学院雕塑系的师生和民间老艺人鲁振辉等之手。

      观音三十二应身:1.辟支佛身、2.声闻身、3.梵王身、4.帝释身、5.自在天身、6.大自在天身、7.天大将军身、8.毗沙门身、9.小王身、10.长者身、11.居士身、12.宰官身、13.婆罗门身、14.比丘身、15.比丘尼身、16.优婆寒塞身、17.优婆夷身、18.长者妇女身、19.居士妇女身、20.宰官妇女身、21.婆罗门妇女身、22.童男身、23.童女身、24.天身、25.龙身、26.夜叉身、27.乾达婆身、28.阿修罗身、29.边楼罗身、30.紧那罗身、31.摩睺罗迦身、32.执金刚身。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8340x4170
Uploaded: 06/05/2013
Updated: 08/08/2014
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More About Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province for a China's province, is situated at south the Chinese southeast coast Yangtse Delta the wing, east is near East China Sea, south meets Fujian, west and Jiangxi, Anhui are connected, north with Shanghai, Jiangsu borders on. Within the boundaries biggest rivers Qiantang River, because the river current is winding, calls the river, also calls Zhejiang, the province by river, the abbreviation ?Zhejiang?. Provincial capital Hangzhou. The Zhejiang Province thing and the north and south straight distance is about 450 kilometers, the land territory area 101,800 square kilometers, are the nation 1.06%, is one of Chinese area smallest provinces. Next governs Hangzhou, the Ningbo 2 vice-provincial level cities, Wenzhou, Shaoxing, Huzhou, Jiaxing, Jinhua, Chu chou, Taizhou, Lishui, the Zhoushan 9 locally administered levels, altogether 11 municipalities. Zhejiang Province located at the Chinese southeast coast, is situated between the north latitude 27 ' 12 '' - 31 degrees 31 point and between the longtitude 118 E - 123 degrees, east is close to East China Sea, notogaea Fujian, west and Jiangxi, Anhui are connected, north and Shanghai, Jiangsu is a neighbour. The thing and the north and south straight distance is 450 kilometers, the land territory area 101,800 square kilometers. Within the boundaries biggest rivers Qiantang River, because the river current is winding, also calls Zhejiang, the province by river, Jian Chengwei Zhejiang. The entire province has critical terrain feature landscape more than 800, waters landscape more than 200, biological landscape more than 100, humanities landscape more than 100; Has Xihu, the Fuchunjiang River - Xin'an river, Yandangshan, Moganshan, the Putuo, Mt. Tiantai, Nanxijiang, the shengsi archipelago, Shuanglongdong, the dwelling place of celestial beings, the Xuedou, the Huanjiang - Wuxie, Mt. Jianglang, the dwelling place of celestial beings and so on 14 state-level key scenic spot area, Dongqian Lake, the big Buddhist temple, Fang Yan, Mt. Lanke and so on 42 provincial level scenic spot area; Has Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Chu chou, near the sea 5 state-level historical city, provincial level historical city 12; Has nation key Cultural relic preservation organ 134, provincial level key Cultural relic preservation organ 279; Has state-level nature protection area 7, country forest park 20.