Putuo Mountain普陀山門-观音道场(685)
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Panoramic photo by d-xinwei EXPERT Taken 05:15, 19/04/2013 - Views loading...

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Putuo Mountain普陀山門-观音道场(685)

The World > Asia > China > Zhejiang Province

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观音道场:客运码头,映入眼帘的是一座古朴的山门,山门两面上方各书写“普陀聖景”、“觀音道塲”。中国佛教有四大名山圣地,是四位菩萨摩诃萨(即菩萨之中的大菩萨)的广化群生大本营。即:山西的五台山,是大智文殊菩萨的道场;四川的峨眉山,是大行普贤菩萨的道场;安徽的九华山,是大愿地藏菩萨的道场。在这四大名山与四大菩萨中,能家喻户晓妇孺皆知的,那就是南海普陀山大慈大悲救苦救难广大灵感的观世音菩萨了。

普陀山作为观音道场,每年约有200多万信徒、游客拜访,其成因:

一是佛经渊源,佛祖亲口“指定”的。根据佛经《华严经》记载,善财童子为求“菩萨道”,到普陀山参拜观音菩萨。

二是慧锷开山,普陀山是“不肯去观音”亲自选定的。据宋代《高丽图经》、《佛祖统纪》、《宝庆四名志》以及日本的《元亨释书》等史料记载,日本慧锷大师奉五台山观音像至普陀山不肯定去日本,因有“不肯去观音”。

三是五朝恩赐,普陀山是历代帝王“钦定”的。历史上唐宋元明清五朝近20位帝王为了祈求国泰民安,特遣内侍携重礼专程来普陀山朝拜观音。朱元璋、康熙还多次召见普陀山高僧,赐金、赐紫衣、赐字、赐佛经,礼遇有加。这些历史人物因素,对于普陀山从一尊“不肯去观音”逐渐发展到鼎盛时期3大寺、88庵、128茅蓬、4000余僧的“震旦第一佛国”起了非常重要的作用。没有这些顶级人文底蕴积累,普陀山很难想象会从一个名不见经传的小渔岛成长为举世瞩目的观音道场。

四是自然地理,普陀山钟毓灵秀适合观音居住。印度佛教传入中国后,佛经上所描述“補怛洛迦”逐步为“普陀洛迦山”所取代。人们心中的观音道场,要有一定的险阻但必须能进入朝拜,同时观音道场应是风水宝地,人间仙境,这样才能与人们心中观音菩萨美好形象相匹配。而普陀山自然地理环境,具备了观音道场应运而生的条件。

五是历史传统,舟山早期观音信仰蕴育了普陀山观音道场的萌芽。

六是文化条件,观音信仰的广泛传播催生了普陀山观音道场。佛教传入中国并汉化融合改造后,使得观音菩萨更加具有符合中国民众文化特点的因素,如观音菩萨的“现实性”、“普及性”、“普度性”等深受人们欢迎。

七是灵异现象,为普陀山观音道场形成推波助澜。一千多年来,有关普陀山观音菩萨灵验记载和观音现身开光之佳话,代代相传,不断积累,在人们心中增加了普陀山观音道场的神秘色彩。

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This panorama was taken in Zhejiang Province

This is an overview of Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province for a China's province, is situated at south the Chinese southeast coast Yangtse Delta the wing, east is near East China Sea, south meets Fujian, west and Jiangxi, Anhui are connected, north with Shanghai, Jiangsu borders on. Within the boundaries biggest rivers Qiantang River, because the river current is winding, calls the river, also calls Zhejiang, the province by river, the abbreviation “Zhejiang”. Provincial capital Hangzhou. The Zhejiang Province thing and the north and south straight distance is about 450 kilometers, the land territory area 101,800 square kilometers, are the nation 1.06%, is one of Chinese area smallest provinces. Next governs Hangzhou, the Ningbo 2 vice-provincial level cities, Wenzhou, Shaoxing, Huzhou, Jiaxing, Jinhua, Chu chou, Taizhou, Lishui, the Zhoushan 9 locally administered levels, altogether 11 municipalities.

Zhejiang Province located at the Chinese southeast coast, is situated between the north latitude 27 ' 12 '' - 31 degrees 31 point and between the longtitude 118 E - 123 degrees, east is close to East China Sea, notogaea Fujian, west and Jiangxi, Anhui are connected, north and Shanghai, Jiangsu is a neighbour. The thing and the north and south straight distance is 450 kilometers, the land territory area 101,800 square kilometers. Within the boundaries biggest rivers Qiantang River, because the river current is winding, also calls Zhejiang, the province by river, Jian Chengwei Zhejiang.

The entire province has critical terrain feature landscape more than 800, waters landscape more than 200, biological landscape more than 100, humanities landscape more than 100; Has Xihu, the Fuchunjiang River - Xin'an river, Yandangshan, Moganshan, the Putuo, Mt. Tiantai, Nanxijiang, the shengsi archipelago, Shuanglongdong, the dwelling place of celestial beings, the Xuedou, the Huanjiang - Wuxie, Mt. Jianglang, the dwelling place of celestial beings and so on 14 state-level key scenic spot area, Dongqian Lake, the big Buddhist temple, Fang Yan, Mt. Lanke and so on 42 provincial level scenic spot area; Has Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Chu chou, near the sea 5 state-level historical city, provincial level historical city 12; Has nation key Cultural relic preservation organ 134, provincial level key Cultural relic preservation organ 279; Has state-level nature protection area 7, country forest park 20.

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