Qumran Caves Complex
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Panoramic photo by Zoran Strajin EXPERT Taken 11:12, 07/07/2012 - Views loading...

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Qumran Caves Complex

The World > Asia > Middle East > West Bank

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Qumran is located on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, several kilometers south of Jericho. In a cave in the Judean Desert cliffs south of Qumran, Bedouins in 1947 found the first Dead Sea scrolls. Following this discovery, Qumran was excavated by the Dominican Father R. de Vaux in the years 1951-56. A complex of buildings, extending over an area of 100 x 80 m. was uncovered, dating to the Second Temple period.

Standing among the 2,000 year-old ruins of Qumran, overlooking the Dead Sea on the edge of the Judean Wilderness, visitors gain deeper appreciation for the Dead Sea Scrolls, containing the oldest Bible ever found, and discovered right here.

You’ll see a room where scribes may have copied the scrolls, a pavement where the hard-working inhabitants dried dates, a potters’ workshop, a dining hall, and a ritual bath, recalling the way of life of the Essenes who left Jerusalem seeking spiritual purity.

At the visitor center, designed like Qumran’s ancient buildings, an exciting film links the fabulous landscape with the story of its people, recalling that John the Baptist may have lived here.

A dramatic view of the cave in which most of the Dead Sea Scrolls were found tops off the experience, and whets your appetite to view the scrolls themselves at the Israel Museum’s Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem.

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Nearby images in West Bank

map

A: Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found)

by JAN Maglasang, 50 meters away

Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found)

Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found)

B: Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found) with JAN Maglasang

by JAN Maglasang, 50 meters away

Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found) with JAN Maglasang

Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found) with JAN Maglasang

C: Qumran caves and ruins

by Roland Lahner, 80 meters away

Qumran caves and ruins

D: Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found) with Mercedes Maglasang

by JAN Maglasang, 140 meters away

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found) with Mercedes Maglasang

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found) with Mercedes Maglasang

E: Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found)

by JAN Maglasang, 140 meters away

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found)

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found)

F: Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found)

by JAN Maglasang, 140 meters away

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found)

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found)

G: Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found) with Berning Maglasang

by JAN Maglasang, 140 meters away

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found) with Berning Maglasang

Qumran Caves (where Qumran scrolls were found) with Berning Maglasang

H: Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found) with JAN Maglasang

by JAN Maglasang, 140 meters away

Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found) with JAN Maglasang

Qumran Caves (where the Qumran scrolls were found) with JAN Maglasang

I: Qumran Caves near the Dead Sea

by John Romano D'Orazio, 140 meters away

360° cylindrical panorama of the Qumran Caves near the Dead Sea, where the famous scrolls containing ...

Qumran Caves near the Dead Sea

J: Qumran Cave 1 (Israel)

by William Hamblin, 860 meters away

The interior of Qumran Cave 1, where the first Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered by a bedouin Muhammad...

Qumran Cave 1 (Israel)

This panorama was taken in West Bank, Middle East

This is an overview of Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.

The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.

Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!

When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.

Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.

Text by Steve Smith.

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