The River Tyne as seen from the Quayside in Newcastle - perfectly summed up by local author Sid Chaplin in "In Blackberry Time".
She's all things to all men - the bonny hinny or a noble flood,
a twisty-faced old drab of a pay packet that's never quite enough.
Stuck in a traffic jam on the Tyne Bridge,
we never stop to think that she's at the bottom of it all.
Without her we'd be lost.
In fact we wouldn't be here at all."
The Quayside of Newcastle upon Tyne seen at dusk from the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. Offering great...
Spanning the Quaysides of Gateshead and Newcastle, the Gateshead Millennium Bridge is the newest brid...
Gateshead Millennium Bridge
The "Blinking Eye" Millennium Bridge crosses the river Tyne between Gateshead and Newcastle upon Tyne...
The BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art was concieved to be a ‘major new capital facilities for the Co...
A 360 x 180 Equirectangular Pano using Nikon D5000, Samyang 8mm Fisheye and home made pano head
Gateshead Millennium Bridge is the world's first and only tilting bridge. Designed by Wilkinson Eyre ...
Newcastle upon Tyne from the Quayside, including the Tyne Bridge, Gateshead Milennium Bridge, The Sag...
Newcastle Gateshead Quayside
Exterior view of The Sage Gateshead
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.