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Fosse Ardeatine
Rome

On 24 March 1944, after a partisan attack in via Rasella where 33 soldiers of the Bozen battalion died, the Nazi occupation troops in Rome, under the command of gen. Maetzler, ordered colonel Kappler to retaliate by executing 10 Italians for every German soldier killed.


285 persons where picked among political prisoners and Jews (including two 15 year old boys, one of them a Jew) previously arrested by the SS, or randomly picked on the streets in the area of via Rasella. Colonel Kappler asked the Italian police chief of Rome Caruso, to deliver another 50 political and jewish prisoners.
This is the tomb of the 335 victims.

The mausoleum was designed just after the war end by the architects Aprile, Perugini, Fiorentino, the gates where designed by the sculptor Mirko Basaldella, and the statue is from Francesco Coccia.

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Copyright: Toni garbasso
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8000x4000
Uploaded: 13/05/2009
Updated: 10/06/2014
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Tags: landmark; monument
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Overview and HistoryAll roads lead to Rome, the capital of Italy, current football world champions, where western civilization really got cookin' and Christianity gained its foothold on an empire.According to legend, the city was founded on the Palatine Hill by Romulus and Remus, just after they finished wiping wolf's milk from their lips. Romulus killed his brother Remus in a fight over who had the right to name the city, hence "Rome" and not "Remo". He attained divine status after his death, being given the name "Quirinus," the root of which you can see in the Quirinale Palace.The Quirinale Palace is the home of the President of the Italian Republic. Its fountain has two ancient statues of Castor and Pollux, sons of Zeus, the famous twins of the Gemini constellation.Rome is famous for its seven hills: Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Esquiline, Palatine, Quirinal, Viminal. Vatican City is on Vatican Hill which is not one of the seven hills. 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