Напротив здания речного вокзала находится ротонда с лестницей, ведущей с верхней на нижнюю террасу. Ротонда появилась уже в 50-х годах в ходе строительства набережной, но построена она как раз на том самом месте, где располагалась ротонда набережной довоенного Сталинграда. Стиль постройки самой ротонды и окружающих ее элементов во многом сохранился.
Opposite to building of river station there is rotunda with the ladder conducting with top on the bottom terrace. The rotunda has appeared already in the fifties in process of construction of quay, but it is constructed just on that place where the rotunda of quay of pre-war Stalingrada settled down. Style of construction of the rotunda and elements surrounding it in many respects was saved.
In days of the Second World War on this place the antiaircraft battery of 1083 antiaircraft regiment of lieutenant M.A.Baskakova settled down. Rescuing wounded soldiers and the civilians expecting evacuation, arrows of antiaircraft installation over open sights shot the enemy tanks moving along the street Lenin. On August, 23rd, 1942 by the life of arrow of antiaircraft installation have stopped aggressors, without having admitted them to Volga.
The memorial board established on rotunda tells about this fight. It is opened in 1947. "Here there was the antiaircraft battery which calculation in 1942 with firmness reflected attacks of the German tanks, trying to make the way to Volga. In unequal fight fighters-zenitchiki have fallen death of the brave."
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.