Ruins of Fort Lubicz within Rondo Mog...
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Panoramic photo by Jan Mulder EXPERT Taken 13:00, 26/12/2009 - Views loading...

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Ruins of Fort Lubicz within Rondo Mogilskie

The World > Europe > Poland > Krakow

Tags: ruins, fort

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During the reconstruction of Rondo Mogilskie the remaining ruins of Bastion No. 5 (Fort Lubicz) have been uncovered and made nicely accessible by foot. Photo's taken on december 26, 2009.

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Nearby images in Krakow

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A: Tram stop at Rondo Mogielskie, outlook to Hotel Chopin

by Jan Mulder, 50 meters away

The roundabout Rondo Mogielskie in Krakow was rigorously reconstructed in the years 2004 to 2008. Enc...

Tram stop at Rondo Mogielskie, outlook to Hotel Chopin

B: Tram stopping at Rondo Mogilskie

by Jan Mulder, 60 meters away

The roundabout Rondo Mogilskie in Krakow was rigorously reconstructed in the years 2004 to 2008. Enci...

Tram stopping at Rondo Mogilskie

C: Rondo Mogilskie construction site 1

by Karol Kwiatek, 60 meters away

Rondo Mogilskie construction site 1

D: Rondo Mogilskie construction site 2

by Karol Kwiatek, 100 meters away

Rondo Mogilskie construction site 2

E: Fort ruins on south-east side of Rondo Mogilskie

by Jan Mulder, 130 meters away

During the reconstruction of Rondo Mogilskie the remaining ruins of Fort Lubicz have been uncovered. ...

Fort ruins on south-east side of Rondo Mogilskie

F: Lubomirskiego Street "Szkieletor"

by Karol Kwiatek, 140 meters away

Lubomirskiego Street "Szkieletor"

G: Entrance of parking garage of opera house

by Jan Mulder, 160 meters away

The current Opera House at 48 Lubicz Street was built in the years 2004-2008. Apparently parking in t...

Entrance of parking garage of opera house

H: Opera Krakowska Polska

by Bartosz Decowski, 170 meters away

Opera Krakowska Polska

I: Mogilska Street near ARPIS shop

by Karol Kwiatek, 220 meters away

Mogilska Street near ARPIS shop

J: Botanical garden of the Jagiellonian University (27 of 35)

by Jan Mulder, 280 meters away

Krakow's Botanical Garden, the green oasis in the downtown, is a best-kept secret of Krakow's traffic...

Botanical garden of the Jagiellonian University (27 of 35)

This panorama was taken in Krakow, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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