0 Likes

Rupea Fortress
Transsylvania

 Rupea Fortress, located on the Northwestern side of Brasov county, was built on a basalt rock. The first trace of the citadel is on a document where the writers referred to it as Koholom citadel meaning the rock eminence. It is said that on that particular rock once existed a Roman camp, during the time Dacia was conquered by Romans. Later on, the Saxons and Hungarians who settled on these lands rebuilt the camp. The first attestation dates back from the year 1324 when some refugees found a hidden place in the citadel running from the fury of the Hungarian king Robert Carol's army.


Little by little the inhabitants built three protective towers and two interior courtyards. Inside the fortress there is a well 40m deep where the water is still drinkable. In 1790, a strong storm destroyed the roof and since then it hasn't been repaired.

View More »

Copyright: Michael Pop
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6998x3499
Uploaded: 05/10/2009
Updated: 16/06/2014
Views:

...


Tags: rupea; fortress; cetatea; cetate; saxons; sasi; hungarians; maghiari; medieval; transsylvania; transilvania; romania
comments powered by Disqus

Michael Pop
Rupea Fortress
Marco Secchi
Abandoned Building
Tibor Illes
Szekler gate
Michael Pop
Saschiz Saxon Church Tower
Michael Pop
Peasant fortress Saschiz in Transsylvania - exterior
Michael Pop
Peasant fortress Saschiz in Transsylvania - interior
Csongor Máthé
Exhibition of Máthé Ferenc
George Moldovan
Dsc2191 Panorama 1
Vieru Claudiu
Fagaras Castle
Vieru Claudiu
Fagaras Castle, northern tower
Demeter Tibor
Sculpture park transsylvania
Demeter Tibor
Barot city center
Astrolabio Colombia
Buena Vista Quindío (Colombia) - Cafetal en Terraza de San Alberto
Pietro Madaschi
Aosta Valley - Vallée d'Aoste: Panorama from Bec Carre in Valtournenche
Marek Lomnicky
High Tatras - Maly Zavrat in Winter
Asset Imaging Photography
School in 1890
Studio Mambeau - Martijn Baudoin
Worstenworkshop bij Werry van Sugar Hill
Sergej Esnault
The protestant Gustav Adolf Stave Church - Hahnenklee - Germany
kiyoharu takamura
kouchou-ji 1
Julien Mordret
INDONESIA - Raja Ampat Islands - Pulau Gam, Hidden Bay
Jerzy Pajor
Flower Shop gigapixel panorama
Alexey Miroshnikov, GRADES PHOTO
FABRIKA's Birthday Party Cake
Pavel Antropov
Kogalym
Daniel Christaldi
Driftwood near Haywoods beach
Michael Pop
Restaurant on top of the Sovata slope
Michael Pop
The cyan-blue Ochiul Beiului lake in the Nera Reservation
Michael Pop
Aercald2 Sphere
Michael Pop
Fishing in Sulina
Michael Pop
Stairs to the Hill Church in Sighisoara
Michael Pop
The Wine Festival in Targu Mures, Romania (3)
Michael Pop
The Ion Creanga Memorial House - inside
Michael Pop
Playground in the Cismigiu Park
Michael Pop
Alba Iulia Street in Timisoara
Michael Pop
In front of the European Parliament in Strasbourg
Michael Pop
The Lights Festival in Targu Mures
Michael Pop
Palma26
More About Transsylvania

Transylvania (Romanian: Ardeal or Transilvania; Hungarian: Erdély; German: De-Siebenbürgen.ogg Siebenbürgen (help·info), see also other denominations) is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term frequently encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crişana, Maramureş, and (Romanian) Banat.Transylvania was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory and after that its wealth was systematically exploited. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of tribes, which subjected it to various influences. During this time areas of it were under the control of the Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Bulgars. Thereafter the Romanized Dacian inhabitants either moved into the mountains and preserved their culture or migrated southward. It is likely that elements of the mixed Daco–Roman population held out in Transylvania.[1] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the population of Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest[2] (see Origin of the Romanians).The Magyars conquered the area at the end of the 9th century and firmly established their control over it in 1003, when their king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the native prince entitled or named Gyula.[3][4][5][6] Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivod appointed by the Hungarian King. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 Transylvania became effectively an independent principality ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. Afterward, in 1566, Hungary was divided between the Habsburgs and the Turks, with the Transylvanian principality maintaining autonomy as an Ottoman subject.The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The Habsburgs, however, recognized the Hungarian sovereignty over Transylvania,[1][dubious – discuss] while the Transylvanians recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1687), and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire, separated in all but name[7][8] from Habsburg controlled Hungary[9][10][11] and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor’s governors.[12] In 1699 the Turks legally conceded their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, anti-Habsburg elements within the principality only submitted to the emperor in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár. After the Ausgleich of 1867 the region was fully reabsorbed into Hungary [4][6] as a part of the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary began to disintegrate. The ethnic Romanian majority elected representatives, who then proclaimed union with Romania on December 1, 1918. In 1920, the Allies confirmed the union in the Treaty of Trianon. Hungary protested against the detach, as over 1,600,000 Hungarian people[13] were living in the area in question, mainly in Szekler Land of Eastern Transylvania, and along the newly created border, which was drawn through areas with Hungarian majority. In August 1940, in the midst of World War II, Hungary regained about 40% of Transylvania by the Vienna Award, with the aid of Germany and Italy. The territory, however, reverted to Romania in 1945; this was confirmed in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties[4].In distant regions, Transylvania is also often associated with Dracula[14][15][16] (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general, while in countries of Central and Eastern Europe the region is known for the scenic beauty of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.