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Schellenberg Ice Cave
Germany

This is the entrance hall of the Schellenberg ice cave called Josef Ritter von Angermayer Halle. About 500 m in length, the tour leads along steps and ramps, through tunnels an passages and over ice falls down to the deepest part, the Fuggerhalle, 55 m lower than the cave's entrance. As the cave slopes downward from the entrance, the cold winter air remains in the cave all summer long. For thousands of years snow and rainwater froze in the cave's extremely cold temperatures, in some places the ice crust is 30 m thick.

The Schellenberger ice cave has a typical morphology, the cave is going down continually from the entrance. This works as a cold trap, as cold air flows in during winter, as it is colder than the warmer air in the cave. In summer the heavier cold air is not able to leave the cave again, it is trapped. This phenomena is used by supermarket fridges, which keep the content cool although their top lap is open. The water from the surrounding rocks is warmer, especially the meltwater during snow melt, but when it enters the cave with its cool air, it freezes. During the summer the temperature may rise above zero, and some of the ice may melt. But ice caves are so close at the zero degree border, that at least a remains of the ice lasts all year.

Copyright: T. Emrich
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12886x6443
Taken: 10/09/2010
Uploaded: 12/09/2010
Updated: 06/03/2015
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Tags: untersberg; eishöhle; schellenberger; ice; cave; mittagscharte; berchtesgaden; alpen; alps; austria; salzburg; höhle; schnee; wandern; klettern; fliegen; salzburger; hochthron; thomas eder steig; josef ritter von angermayer halle
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