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Towards the end of the III century BC the people of Segesta built their theater on the highest peak of Mount Barbaro, at a site behind the agora, which was already a place of worship many centuries before.
The theater was built in the late III century BC following the principles of-greek hellenistic, with blocks of local limestone.
Differs from the typical structure of Greek theater because the auditorium (cavea) is not based directly on the rock but was specially built and is supported by retaining walls. It has two entries, slightly offset to the axis of the building and can hold about 4000 people.
The Cavea - The cavea in the theater is the place where they sat and still sit in the audience.
Theatre west is bordered by a paved road that comes to a natural cave, which is a sacred spring. Used during the Bronze Age, was later incorporated in the retaining wall of the cavea.
The orchestra - a semicircular shape, is where the choir moves. It has a diameter of 18.4 m. Entry is permitted through two openings, (parodoi) at the sides of the semicircle, orthogonally to the central axis. As in the theater of Syracuse, one of Segesta is equipped with underground corridors that were used for the passage of the actors.
The scene - Unfortunately not much remains: a few rows of blocks are what we still see of a two-story building in Doric and Ionic style. Two sides blocks are decorated with satyrs in high relief.
This panorama was taken during the "Calatafimi Segesta Festival" representing the "Medee"
Dramaturgy by Paola Pace,
directed by Paola Pace
with: Maurizio Spicuzza, Angelo Pellegrino, Marika Pugliatti, Sergio Lo Verde, Simone Pace.
Chorus: Valentina Barresi, Ester Castagnè, Gea Gambaro, Daniela Mangiacavallo, Cristina Valvere; “Trizziridonna” – Barbara Crescimanno, Veronica Racito, Teresa Ferlisicantore.