Shanhai Pass, called “siberian elm pass”, before 1990 was considered that is the bright Great Wall's east end beginning, is known as “the first under heaven pass” the name. “The first under heaven strategic pass” - - Jiayuguan remote echoes with ten thousand mile beside, is well-known the world. in 1990, after Liaoning Province Dandong's Hushan Great Wall excavated, the archaeology thought that the Hushan Great Wall only then should be the bright Great Wall's east end beginning. in 1961, the Great Wall - Shanhai Pass People's Republic of China State Council is announced by the one of for first batch of national key Cultural relic preservation organs; The Duke Guan in 1700 the historical broadsword knife point to the east, extant placed on the Shanhai Pass tower over a city gate, became the town to close the treasure. the Shanhai Pass is the bright Great Wall's Northeast beginning, within the boundaries Great Wall 26 kilometers, located at Qinhuangdao east of more than 10 kilometers place. According to the historical data record, Shanhai Pass in 1381 constructed Guan Shewei from, until now had more than 600 year the history, since old times namely for our country's military strategic place. Shanhai Pass's city, the perimeter the approximately 4 kilometers, are a small town, the entire city and the Great Wall are connected, take the city as the pass. City height 14 meters, depth 7 meters. end of the Ming dynasty female General Qin Liangyu, military examinations of the imperial civil service examination system Wu Sangui and so on have guarded Shanhai Pass.although the present, this strategic pass has become the historical thing of the past, but he actually by his that grandly dignified style, the inspiring history, is inspiring people's stubborn will, is driving people's patriotic emotion.
Hebei located at Beijing, the Tianjin two city's periphery, was the national capital important place since old times. As the Qing Dynasty imperial family “the picnic” the place, northeast Hebei Province's Chengde is one which of historical cities our country names most early, here has the Qing Dynasty biggest imperial family historic garden Chengde summer resort, the Chinese biggest imperial family temple group - - “Waibamiao”, Qing Dynasty imperial family You Lie place - - Lily magnolia yard. Hebei is China's cultural relic big province, has country key Cultural relic preservation organ 58, is the national first place, famous also has Handan Zhao Wangcheng the ruins, the She County Wa imperial palace, the sound hall mountain rock cave, Baoding Chihli governor bureau, the ancient lotus pond, clear Xiling, Tangshan clear Dongling, the Cangzhou iron lion, the Dingzhou tower, Zhaozhou Bridge, the Zhengding Longxing Temple and so on. In the long historic monuments' behind, Hebei Province also many have the scenery beauty the natural landscape: Beidaihe, Qinhuangdao Nadaihe and the Tangshan coast's natural seashore scenery, on the vast sublime dam the prairie, the rural feeling day becomes the Laishui Yesanpo, precipitous does not lose elegant Zhangshiyan ......The mountain, the water, prairie each kind of view serve as contrast to become, was “Land of Yan and Zhao” has increased many colors. Some areas ancient are Jizhou, therefore is called Hebei. Hebei is situated at shore of North China, the Bohai Sea, around capital Beijing, suburb Tianjin. When Spring and Autumn Period Warring States for swallow, the Zhao place, when Chinese, Jin sets at Hebei, quiet two states, Tang Shuhe the Beidao, the Yuan is the secretariat, clearly is the national capital, clear is Chihli, in 1928 the beginning called Hebei Province. Presently governs 11 locally administered levels, 22 county-level cities, 109 counties, 6 autonomous counties. more than 60 city county opening to the outside world. Entire province area 187693 square kilometers. Has nationalities and so on Han Nationality, Hui tribe, Manchu nationality.