Shirin Art Gallery Apr 2013 Hojat Amani 01
ادوارد لوسی اسمیت تاریخ هنر نگار ، هنرمند و منتقد سر شناس انگلیس در بخشی ازیادداشت خود بر آثار حجت امانی اینگونه می نویسد
حجت امانی آن چیزی را که معاصر مینامیم را بدان چیزی که بسیار کهن وباستانی نام داشته، گره زده است که ریشه در فرهنگ اسلامی دارد. باور به فرشتگان از اجزای ایمان در اسلام است همانگونه که مهمترین تجلی آن جبراییل است که قران را بر محمد می آورد ... بنابر این جای تعجب نیست که فرشتگان بارها در هنر ایرانی متجلی شده اند به عنوان نمونه در نقاشی های دوره صفوی بخوبی قابل رویتند. آنچه را که حجت امانی انجام میدهد حمایت از این باورها با تکنولوژی مدرن و جهانی امروزین است. او با استفاده از دوربین و پرده ای منقوش وساده مردم را تشویق می کند به سمت فرشتگی.
این فضا و موقعیت هایی را که او برنامه ریزی می کند به سوژه هایش فرصت میدهد تا کاملا خودشان باشند. با دیدن این عکس ها توان انسان را خواهیم دریافت. حتی زمانی که احساس کنیم انسان فرشته ها مردود و رد شده و شکست خورده روی زمین دراز شده اند. آنها به مانند نشانه های کمال آرزوی نوع بشر باقی مانده اند و رهروانی اند برای حرکت به سمت کمال زندگی و حقیقت هستی.
Hojat Amani joins what s contemporary to what is very ancient, and rooted in Islamic culture. Non-Muslims are often unaware of the role that angels play in Islamic sacred texts. Belief in angels is one of the six basic articles of faith in Islam. The major figures are Gabriel, who revealed the Qu’ran to Muhammad; Michael, who is the angel of mercy; Raphael, who blows a trumpet to announce that Judgment Day has come, and the Angel of the Dead, sometimes also called Azrael, who parts the human soul from its body.
There are also other named angels with particular functions – Ridwan, who administers Paradise; Kiraamun and Kaatibeen, who are recording angels; Munkar and Nakir, who interrogate the recently dead about their conduct on earth.
It is therefore not surprising that angels are frequently represented in Iranian art. They appear quite frequently in Safavid book-painting, for example.
What Hojat Amani has done is to align these beliefs with modern technology and the world of today. Using a camera and a few simple props, he encourages people to become angels. The situations he devises allow his subjects to become more fully themselves. Looking at the pictures that result, we realize the human potential for good.
Even when his human angels seem to fail, and to lie defeated on the earth, they remain emblems of mankind’s aspiration towards a better life, and lead the spectator towards a higher sphere.
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Overview and History
Tehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.
Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.
But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.
In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.
The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.
The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."
Mehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.
Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.
The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.
Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.
People and Culture
More than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.
Things to do, Recommendations
Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.
If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.
Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.
Tehran is also full of museums such as:
the Contemporary Art Museum
the Abghine Musuem (glass works)
the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum
the museum of carpets (!!!)
Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures
and most stunning of all,
the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.
Text by Steve Smith.