Shirin Art Gallery Feb 2013 Behrouz Zindashti 02
نقاشی خط های بهروز زیندشتی تداعی کننده ی کتیبه های ثلث اسلامی هستند و اصرار او بر سامان دادن آنها بر بومهای غیر متعارف هندسی و طاقی شکل نیز این قصه را تشدید کرده است. او درباره ی رجوعش به منابع فرهنگی گذشته و رابطه اش با جریان سقاخانه می گوید : با مراجعه ذهنی و غیرمستقیم به هنرهای سنتی، معماری و کتاب¬آرایی ایده¬پردازی می¬کنم، چرا که بر این اعتقادم در حین خلق آثاری مدرن و امروزی، نگاهی هم به گذشته پر¬ارج و پر¬شکوه هنرمان نیز داشته باشم، تا آنها را به گونه ای نو بر مخاطبانم ارائه نمایم و همچون هنرمندان دهه چهل به ویژه هنرمندان جنبش سقاخانه و نقاشیخط که دنبال هویت نمایی در آثارشان بودند، به آثارم اصالت ایرانی- اسلامی ببخشم. آثار این هنرمند تاکنون در موزه اسلامی مالزی و آرت فر دبی به نمایش درآمده اند.
The written elements, to me and many others, have their own prestige and value. Out of their readability, they can have the same influence on the spectators as meaningful sentences or words. So, I put the meaningless illegible phrases together impromptu to remind me the spiritual moods, by achieving an accumulation of written elements.
I try the concept of the works to be indicated in their visual appearance; therefore my approach is more an immaterial- abstract one, which means the elements of calligraphy are totally abstract, so far away from the familiar ones of the nature, and this is a very important, delicate and progressive feature of the calligraphy art in it’s one thousand and four hundred year old history, something impresses on the other art areas like book layout, inscription and architecture, etc.
In my present series, I was affected by the prevalent geometric patterns in Iranian- Islamic art like inscriptions, and my ideas has been formed by subjective indirect references to traditional art, architecture and book layout; I believe in both a glance to our past splendiferous art beside creating modern art work; in this way, I can present as I’m giving them the Iranian- Islamic originality, just like the 40’s Iranian artists specially the artists of the Saghakhaneh or Painting Calligraphy movements which they had sought of their identity in their work. In this series, I used Sols but I was not so loyal to its classic forms and by an anti-traditional approach to Sols calligraphy, just looked at the elegance and beauty of the alphabets.
In conclusion, I really like to thank all my masters, especially Mr. Hassan Hosein-nejad, the one I owe him, my calligraphy knowledge.
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Overview and History
Tehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.
Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.
But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.
In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.
The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.
The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."
Mehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.
Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.
The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.
Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.
People and Culture
More than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.
Things to do, Recommendations
Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.
If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.
Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.
Tehran is also full of museums such as:
the Contemporary Art Museum
the Abghine Musuem (glass works)
the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum
the museum of carpets (!!!)
Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures
and most stunning of all,
the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.
Text by Steve Smith.