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Sichuan Province - Anyue - Kegon hole - Grottoes -1
China

华严洞有开凿于北宋建隆元年(960)的华严洞和开凿于南宋嘉熙四年(1240)的大般若洞两大石窟,内有宋代造像159躯,历代碑刻题记24处。

华严洞石窟约700立方米,华严洞造像,以密宗为主,是释、道、儒同窟造像,题材达39种。其布局严谨,造型奇妙,动静结合,虚实得体,采光科学,殿堂似的石窟灿烂辉煌,气韵生动,在中国石窟造像中独树一帜,是北宋石刻艺术精品,是安岳石刻旅游区造像窟中最大的、保存较完好的洞窟。造像分布于左中右窟壁,中造高5.2米的“华严三圣”雕像,左右并排高4.1米的“十大菩萨”坐像,洞壁刻满“经变”故事图景。造像中的人物,个性鲜明,姿态优美,比例均匀,穿戴华丽,非常贴近生活和符合中国传统的审美情趣。特别是十大菩萨,古匠师们着力对面部的细腻刻画,充分表现出了众菩萨外表的俊俏和内心的慈善;线面结合的镌刻手法,使形体更加优美、楚楚动人。加之具有中国民族特色的镂空饰花宝冠,珠光宝气,粒粒可数的珠串璎珞,行云流水似的帔巾、衣褶,更加衬托出气质的高雅,身份的华贵。连环画式的“善财童子五十三参求法图”极具特色,所刻善财童子参拜的众多大德无一雷同。大德们所在环境中的楼台亭阁精巧玲珑,宝塔宫阙气势雄伟,花草树木生机盎然,云霞雾霭,袅袅舒卷。“剪云补衣”、“众妙香国”、“化城七宝”等众多求法场景跃然壁间。这些世俗化、民族化、地方化、生活化的说教作品,无不使人叹为观止。华严洞窟口两边所刻下山狮、准提佛母、摩利支天,面相凶恶,与慈悲的佛、菩萨及多变的善财童子五十三参,形成了鲜明的对比。这种独特的对比造像手法,使窟中造像全都活了起大般若洞来,显得十分生动,达到了极高的艺术造诣。

大般若洞

“大般若洞”高4.7米,宽、深各约5米,洞额刻有洞名。洞中正壁刻一佛二菩萨,两廊分三层,下层列十八罗汉,中间是廿四诸天,上层塑十童子,在正中佛像后壁,有两龛李耳和孔丘的浮雕塑像,属典型的三教合一的同窟造像。洞顶刻有一个直径为2.2米的“人丫”字,现该字尚无令人信服的注音和释义,“两个人字颠倒颠,认到了你就是活神仙”广为流传,成为千古之谜。

Copyright: Jacky Cheng
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 13960x6980
Uploaded: 13/01/2013
Updated: 19/06/2014
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Tags: sichuan province; anyue; kegon hole; grottoes
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