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Sichuan Province - Anyue - Pilu hole - relics repair site-RH
Sichuan Province

四川省安岳县-毗卢洞:

毗卢洞位于安岳县城东南的石羊镇赤云片区油坪村塔子山上,距县城45公里。安岳至大足的公路横穿塔子山脚。这里,山峦叠翠,岩石峭立,毗卢洞就凿在这些磊磊秀石之中。毗卢洞其实是毗卢洞、幽居洞、千佛洞和观音堂的总称,现存摩崖石刻造像465尊,碑刻题记32处。

据明代万历年间碑文追述,毗卢洞的石刻造像开创于五代后蜀,之后历代都进行过培修、补刻。这里曾经是五代至北宋年间四川佛教密宗的主要道场之一。尤其是观音堂内雕刻的那尊“水月观音”,群众称她“紫竹观音”,英籍华人作家韩素英把她誉为“东方的维纳斯”,是全国少有的北宋石刻艺术珍品。这尊紫竹观音高3米,悬坐于那凸露的峭岩石窟之中。她背倚浮雕的紫竹和柳枝净瓶,头戴富丽华贵的贴金花冠;蛾眉上竖,凤眼下垂,直鼻微隆,朱唇略闭;上身穿短袖薄裟,袒胸裸肘,臂戴膀圈,璎珞象随身而泻的金色瀑布,网坠于胸腹;下身长裙薄如蝉翼,紧贴于腰腿之间,衣裙飘逸,富于动感。她坐在一张3米长的弧形荷叶上,上身稍左侧;左手抚撑叶面,右手放在膝盖,五指自然下垂;一双秀丽的赤脚,左脚悬于莲台,轻轻踏着花蕊,右腿弯曲上翘,脚踏莲叶,故人们又俗称她“翘脚观音”。紫竹观音仿佛就是一位丰姿绰约、温柔潇洒的妙龄女郎。她既具少女的妩媚,又具女神的仪容,世俗风味极浓,人们又爱称她为“风流观音”。看了紫竹观音,令人不得不为宋代雕刻大师们那出神入化、巧夺天工的精堪技艺所折服。而如今,因为建国初期对文物保护的不得当,导致紫竹观音的右手掌遭窃,当再次找到右手掌时,却无论怎么接都不能恢复到原来的匀称,所以,如今的右手不是原来的形态。

另外,毗卢洞、幽居洞雕刻的密宗第五代祖师柳本尊造像也别具特色。特别是在高6.6米,宽14米,深4.5米的毗卢洞中,雕刻的柳本尊的“十炼修行图”构图严谨,造像生动,通俗易懂,堪称精品。它主要通过以炼指、立雪、炼踝、剜眼、割耳、炼顶、舍臂、炼阴、炼膝十种苛苦修行来宣扬密宗教义。两侧还刻有神态威严的执斧、仗剑的护法金刚。来到洞里,大有阵阵寒气袭来之感,令你对佛法的神圣肃然起敬,或者望而生畏。毗卢洞的“十炼图”就像一幅幅讲经说法的连环画,是研究四川密宗和考证柳本尊生平的宝贵实物资料。

毗卢洞石刻造像是宋代佛教艺术的结晶,具有很高的历史研究价值和游览观赏价值。2001年7月,国务院公布为第五批全国重点文物保护单位。

Copyright: Jacky Cheng
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10944x5472
Uploaded: 26/05/2013
Updated: 14/06/2013
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More About Sichuan Province

Sichuan Province, the "River"or "Shu", the provincial capital of Chengdu, located in southwest China, the Yangtze River, in longitude 97 ° 21 '~ 108 ° 31', latitude 26 ° 03 '~ 34 ° 19' between. To benefits, benefit, Azusa, Kui four named, the province of the total area of 48.5 square kilometers. Brief plateau phase the west, east of the Three Gorges Xianfeng overlap, north of Qinling Bashan barriers surround the south Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the formation of a famous Sichuan Basin. Sichuan Province, vast land and has a long history since ancient times to enjoy the "Land of Abundance"reputation.