The dynasty Kacsics had the castle built on a 526-m-high volcanic cone in the 13th century. The fortification had several owners, including the landowner Mate Csak, and the king Robert Karoly. After crushing the Rakoczi War of Independence in 1711 the castle was set to fire, but the walls were not destroyed completely. On the northern side of the castle you find the famous cataract of basalt, as the hot basalt got petrified in the form of arched columns. This kind of rare geological formation only exists on four places of the world. The narrow pentagonal and hexagonal columns were formed as the basalt got cool, and at certain points their height is not less than 9 m. A part of these rock formations were used for the construction of the castle, as well.
Hrad SOMOSKA bol postaveny okolo 1570 po vpade Tatarov rodom Kacsicsovcov a bol pomenovany podla dedinky Somoska (Somoskő), ktora lezi pod nim. Jeho majitelmi boli aj Matus Csak a kral Karol Robert.V roku 1711 v dobe Rakocziho povstani bol vypaleny, mury vsak neboli uplne zburane. K ciastocnej rekonstrukcii doslo v 80-tych rokoch minuleho storocia. Pod hradom, na jeho severnej strane sa nachadza svetoznamy cadicovy vylev. Vo vyske asi 500 m n.m. su cadicove stlpce, dlhe az 16 m, ohnute do obluku, usporiadane ako organove pistaly. Z obce Siatorska Bukovinka vedie sem geologicky naucny chodnik ktoreho stanovistom je aj cadicovy vylev.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.