The medieval village Sorano dates back to the Etruscan times. Like many villages in this area, Sorana is on the top of hills, made of volcanic tuff stone. In the rocks under the village are many man made caves visible. Cutting them into the soft tuff rock is not difficult and was already done in ancient times. Many caves contain small niches for pigeons to make nests and create guano as fertilizer for the farmers fields. This way of producing guano was already known by the Egyptian pharaoes and is still in use today in the valleys of Cappadocia (Turkey). The Italians call these niches "colombaio" according to the Latin word for pigeon: colomba. Later this word changed its meaning and today its used for the special Italian graveyards in walls. The niches of the graves have a shape very similar to the niches for pigeons.
The Tuscany, one of the most beautiful Italian regions, is known throughout the world for its Landscapes and for the Works of Art that it houses (It is the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance). Six localities have been designated World Heritage Sites: the Historical Center of Florence, Siena, San Gimignano and Pienza, the Square of the Cathedral of Pisa with the Leaning Tower and the Val d'Orcia. It is in the central Italy and borders with Emilia Romagna (north), Marche and Umbria (east) and Lazio (South). The West coast is bathed from the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Sea; here we can find the islands of the Tuscan archipelago including the island of Elba. The regional capital is Florence and the other provinces are: Arezzo, Grosseto, Livorno, Lucca, Massa, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena.