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South Stacks lighthouse, Anglesey
Wales

The South Stack lighthouse is built on Ynys Lawd, a small rocky island just off the edge of Holy Island, which itself is an island just barely separate from the main part of Anglesey. To reach it you need to descend a switchback stairway running down the cliff face, over 400 steps down (and 400 back up). At the bottom a bridge carries the visitor over a chasm to the island. Once there, you can explore the tiny island, view the exhibition about the history of the lighthouse, and climb more steps in a guided tour to the top of the 28m tall lighthouse tower.

The original lighthouse produced its light by 21 oil lamps backed by reflectors 54cm in diameter. These were on a three sided rotating base, each side with seven lamps, powered by clockwork. It took six minutes for one rotation, so the lighthouse gave a flash from one of its three sides every two minutes. This light, shone from 60m above the sea level, could be seen up to 30 miles away in the best weather conditions.
Even this light would be of little use in very foggy conditions, so eventually plans were made for a auditory signal, a fog bell. This two-ton bell, installed in 1854, was one of the largest bells in the United Kingdom. It was struck by a clockwork mechanism and was installed on the western tip of the island. After installation the bell proved to be unreliable as a result of salt spray affecting the machinery. A shed was built around it to protect it, but further problems in the design meant that the clockwork needed winding far more often than thought, and would not work at all in poor, windy conditions.

Information taken from www.anglesey-history.co.uk

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Copyright: Bernd Kronmueller
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12000x6000
Uploaded: 28/11/2011
Updated: 13/08/2014
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Tags: uk; wales; anglesey; lighthouse
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Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.  The major cities are Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Bangor.  The city of St. Davids is the smallest city in the UK with a population around 2000.  Wales itself has a population of around 3 million.  The Welsh language is spoken by around 20% of the population.