St.Fin Barre's Cathedral
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Panoramic photo by Mariusz Kalinowski EXPERT Taken 21:50, 06/11/2011 - Views loading...


St.Fin Barre's Cathedral

The World > Europe > Ireland

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The patron saint of Cork, St. Fin Barre, gives his name to this cathedral.According to tradition, he lived at an island hermitage at Gougane Barra at the source of the Rivier Lee before founding the monastery in Cork. Regarded as the first Bishop of Cork, his name 'Fionnbarr' means 'fair headed' The new cathedral was consecrated in 1870, although work continued for many years. The enthusiastic Bishop John Gregg inspired hundreds of donations. Amongst the largest were those from William Crawford of Beamish and Crawford brewery and Francis Wise of the North Mall distillery. St. Fin Barre's Cathedral is the 'mother church' of the church of Ireland United Dioceses of Cork, Cloyne and Ross. The dioceses cover an area roughly equal to the county of Cork and there are also cathedrals at Cloyne and Rosscarbery. Diocesan services held in St. in Barre's Cathedral include ordinations and other special ceremonies when wosshippers are drawn from asross the sioceses and rurther afield.

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This panorama was taken in Ireland, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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