0 Likes

St. Sophia Cathedral
Nicosia

This ancient church is the chief mosque in the northern state of Cyprus, and the great festivals of Bayram and other Moslem gatherings are conducted here. It was formerly the cathedral of St. Sophia which was built in the period 1209 A.D. to 1228, over the ruins of a previous building. Only recently, in 1976, have the ruins of the ancient building before 1200 A.D. been discovered, on the southern side. In style of architecture, St. Sophia resembles the famous mediaeval cathedrals of France.


The church was severely damaged by earthquakes in 1491, 1547 and 1735 A.D. and yet, as we see it today, the cathedral has survived. What is the reason for this? One would expect such high buildings to be razed to the ground during those severe earthquakes that occurred some centuries ago, for in those days, reinforced concrete and steel girders were unknown. The builders of ancient Gothic cathedrals always strived to make them as high as possible, to reach "up to heaven" and so inspire both awe and solemnity. The problem was how to do this, and, at the same time ensure that the walls would not collapse. This was done by building stone pillars outside to support the walls which are known as buttresses. If you live in a "posh" villa in Cyprus, your walls should be supported at the corners by buttresses. If there are none, then get out of the house quickly in the next earthquake.

View More »

Copyright: Ergec senturk
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 11750x5875
Uploaded: 22/02/2009
Updated: 15/02/2012
Views:

...


Tags: cyprus; nicosia; kktc; trnc; kibris; sophia; cathedral; selimiye; camii
comments powered by Disqus

Ergec Senturk
St. Sophia Cathedral, Nicosia, Cyprus
Ergec Senturk
St. Sophia Cathedral, Nicosia, Cyprus 3
Julia Avanesova
Byuyk Khan (Büyük Han), Nicosia, Cyprus
Bo de Visser
Buyuk Hamam, Nicosia (2009)
Gary Quigg
Lefkosia Border - Barricaded Street
Gary Quigg
Leffkosia - Weaving Mill Cafe
Kirill Makarov
Street View in Old Town of Nicosia
Kirill Makarov
Old town of Nicosia. Faneromeni Church
Kirill Makarov
Ledra Street At Night
Volker Uhl
byzantinisches Museum Nikosia
Ergec Senturk
Nicosia Restaurants, Cyprus
Nico Winkler
Steets-Nikosia-Arsinois-Perikleous
Saša Stojanović
Golubac fortress (Golubačka tvrđava)
ecnsa2010
東河橋 P4
Tom Mills
Moroccan Sweet Pastries
jan dolk
L'Umbracle
Martin Kneth
View from a dune over Antzavoni
Takács István
Venezia, Gondolas Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari
Martin Kneth
Hanging bridge over a crack in the Tsingy
Tom Mills
Bab Fteuh
Assaf Spiegler
Hot Springs Road, California
Takács István
Kikotve
Jakub Hruska
Top of Nativity Façade, Sagrada Família
Martin Kneth
Climb up on top of the Tsingy
Ergec Senturk
House
Ergec Senturk
Watch Tower, Rizokarpaso, Cyprus
Ergec Senturk
Entrance, Kyrenia Castle, North Cyprus
Ergec Senturk
St. Sophia Cathedral, Nicosia, Cyprus 3
Ergec Senturk
Bağlıköy, Ampelikou, Αμπελικού
Ergec Senturk
Sammys Hotel Pool 2
Ergec Senturk
Beach, Rizokarpaso, Cyprus
Ergec Senturk
St. Hilarion Castle Peak, Kyrenia, Cyprus
Ergec Senturk
Othello Castle, Famagusta, Cyprus 5
Ergec Senturk
Bağlıköy, Ampelikou, Αμπελικού
Ergec Senturk
Kyrenia Harbour, Kyrenia Castle, Cyprus
Ergec Senturk
Kyrenia Castle 3
More About Nicosia

Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία, Turkish: Lefkoşa), is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. It is located on the River Pedieos and situated almost in the centre of the island, it is the seat of government as well as the main business centre. Nicosia is the capital of the Nicosia District. Following the intercommunal violence of the 1960s, the capital was divided between the island's Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities in the south and north respectively. An attempted coup to unite the island with Greece in 1974 led to a Turkish invasion, leaving the capital divided since then, with Turkish Cypriots claiming the north as the capital of their own state, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (recognised only by Turkey). On 3 April 2008, as part of efforts to reunify the island, a symbolic wall dividing the two communities at Ledra Street was opened. South of the Green Line, the population of the city is 270,000 (late 2004), while a further 84,893 live in the north.[1] Nicosia is important commercially with many shops, two modern shopping malls, restaurants and entertainment. The city is a trade centre and manufactures textiles, leather, pottery, plastic, and other products. Copper mines are nearby. Nicosia is the seat of the University of Cyprus (UCY) and four other universities. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicosia