Standing at Víti crater lake near Kra...
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Panoramic photo by Jürgen Matern EXPERT Taken 11:12, 13/06/2012 - Views loading...

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Standing at Víti crater lake near Krafla vulcano (Iceland).

The World > Europe > Iceland

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Víti (which is icelandic for 'hell') is a crater lake in the vulcanic area of the Krafla vulcano. The diameter is about 330 meters. The crater was formed by a steam eruption in 1724.

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Nearby images in Iceland

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A: Inside Krafla caldera

by Jakub Hruska, 300 meters away

Krafla was a mighty volcano once but it is a vast spectacular caldera now. Major fissure zone which r...

Inside Krafla caldera

B: Fissure Swarms Krafla Caldera

by Jan Vrsinsky, 1.8 km away

This fissure swarm is about 100x10 km (62x6 miles) and consists of approximately 35 eruptive fissures...

Fissure Swarms Krafla Caldera

C: Inside The Krafla Caldera Crater from 1984

by Jan Vrsinsky, 2.0 km away

Standing inside the volcano from the eruption in the Krafla Caldera in the year 1984. Lava layers tha...

Inside The Krafla Caldera Crater from 1984

D: Krafla Fissure Eruption Lava Flows from 1977-1984

by Jan Vrsinsky, 2.0 km away

Vantage point for observing various lava flows from the fissure eruptions in 1977-1984 in the Krafla ...

Krafla Fissure Eruption Lava Flows from 1977-1984

E: Walking Around The Krafla Caldera Lava Field

by Jan Vrsinsky, 2.0 km away

Walking around the Krafla Caldera lava fields from the years 1977-1984. This area is considered the m...

Walking Around The Krafla Caldera Lava Field

F: Leirhnjúkur crater row in Krafla caldera

by Jakub Hruska, 2.1 km away

The Leirhnjúkur area is a central volcano in Krafla caldera. One hundred thousand years ago, there wa...

Leirhnjúkur crater row in Krafla caldera

G: Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

by Jürgen Matern, 8.6 km away

Hverarönð is a geothermal area east of the mountain Námafjall in the north of Iceland. It is part of ...

Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

H: Fumarole at Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

by Jürgen Matern, 8.8 km away

Hverarönð is a geothermal area east of the mountain Námafjall in the north of Iceland. It is part of ...

Fumarole at Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

I: Steam Vents Hverarond

by Marek Koszorek, 8.8 km away

Steam Vents Hverarond

J: Hverarond Geothermal Area

by Marek Koszorek, 8.8 km away

Hverarond Geothermal Area

This panorama was taken in Iceland, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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