0 Likes

Summer Palace Beijing, Grand stage
Beijing

Summer Palace Beijing, Grand stage

Copyright: Henk Keijzer
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Uploaded: 30/07/2009
Updated: 14/07/2014
Views:

...


Tags: summer palace; beijing; grand stage
comments powered by Disqus

jacky cheng
Summer Palace-Grand Stage
Henk Keijzer
Summer Palace Beijing, Grand stage
jacky cheng
Summer PalaceHall of Celebrating Virtues
jacky cheng
Summer Palace-Hall of Happiness and Longevity
Dxinwei
the Hall of Benevolence and Longevity 仁寿殿 (031)
Dxinwei
Summer Palace,the Gate of Benevolence and Longevity 仁寿门 (019)
Dxinwei
Summer Palace,Kunming Lake 颐和园-昆明湖 (055)
Henk Keijzer
Summer Palace Beijing, Entry to the long corridor
aaaa a33d
ss11
Dxinwei
Summer Palace, East Palace Gate 东宫门 (013)
jacky cheng
Beijing Summer Palace " wisdom sea "
yunzen liu
Wenchangyuan
Andrea Biffi
sotto i portici di Palazzo Gotico
Pavel Bogdanov
Fireworks on the day of Pyatigorsk
Martin Hertel
Riemann-Hut in Austria
T. Emrich
Wendelstein Cable Railway
José María Moreno Santiago
Toledo, the door of Cambrón
Thomas Humeau
Embankment of the Mont Saint Michel
Mikhail Dunaev
The Alexander Nevsky Chapel.
jacky cheng
Jixi Fengcun ancient villages - village street -2
Mikhail Dunaev
The Transfiguration Cathedral. Spassky Monastery.
Mikhail Dunaev
Church of the Saviour-at-Gorod. 1672
Tom Sadowski
Fishing Vessel Hotspur at the Small Boat Harbor in Valdez, Alaska
Yasuhiro Muranaka
Tenjinmaturi
Henk Keijzer
Vanaf de Sassemse watertoren
Henk Keijzer
Palaver with the skippers of the Turfrace 2006, before the last leg of the race from the Tolhuissluizen to Warmond
Henk Keijzer
Pan van Persijn
Henk Keijzer
Mumbai, Khaneri Caves
Henk Keijzer
Boerderij Stadzigt, Naardermeer
Henk Keijzer
Birthplace of the writer Cervantes
Henk Keijzer
Participants of the Turfrace 2006 arrive at the Tolhuissluizen in Nieuwveen
Henk Keijzer
Mark Lee Drive, Jumal, Southern California
Henk Keijzer
at the foot of the Sinhagad Fort
Henk Keijzer
Harbour Jazzband in Kunstcafe De Galerie
Henk Keijzer
A cold evening at Times Square
Henk Keijzer
Inside the Borromäus Church on the Central Cemetary in Vienna
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.