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Taizhou Old Street, Water Wheel 水车 (061)
jiangsu

水车:

      水车又称孔明车,是我国最古老的农业水利灌溉工具,是先人们在征服和改造世界的过程中创造出来的高超技艺,是珍贵的历史文化遗产。相传为汉灵帝时华岚造出雏形,经三国时诸葛亮-孔明改造完善后在蜀国推广使用,隋唐时广泛用于农业灌溉,至今已有1700余年的历史了。

      水车也叫天车,外形酷似古式车轮,轮辐直径大的20米左右,小的也在10米以上,可提水高达15---18米,轮辐中心是合抱粗的轮轴,轮轴支撑着木辐条,呈放射形向四周展开,辐条的顶端带有刮板和水斗,刮板刮水,水斗装水,河水冲来,借用水势缓缓带动十多吨重的水车转动,一个个水斗装满了河水后被逐级提升,临顶,水斗在重力作用下自然倾斜将水注入渡槽,顺渡槽而流到需灌溉的农田里。一般大水车可灌溉农田六、七百亩,小的也可灌溉一、二百亩。在古代水车应算是先进的工具了。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8368x4184
Uploaded: 17/05/2013
Updated: 08/08/2014
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More About jiangsu

Jiangsu located at Yangtze River, the Huaihe River downstream, shore of Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, north meets Shandong, west continually Anhui, the southeast and Shanghai, Zhejiang border on, is the Yangtse Delta area important component, is situated between the east longitude 116°18 ' -121°57 ', north latitude 30°45 ' - 35°20 ' between. Acquires fame in the Qing Dynasty Jiangning government office and the Soviet state capital two government offices the first character. Is one of Chinese population density highest provinces, the total area 102,600 square kilometers, account for the national total area 1.11%, the continuous nearly 1000 kilometer coastlines are hugging the approximately 9,800,000 Chinese acre gold shallow seas and tidelands. Within the boundaries plain is vast, the land is fertile, the product is rich, the rivers and streams lake is densely covered, in five big fresh water lake's Tai Lake, Hongze Lake recline in this, in the history is known as “the land of plenty” fine reputation, Jiangsu's abbreviation “Soviet” the traditional character is this Italy originally. The Jiangsu history is glorious. Here is the Chinese Wu culture and the Chinese culture birthplace, as early as area Nanjing already was the humanity lives together the place hundreds of thousands of years ago. more than 6000 years ago, nearby nearby Nanjing and Tai Lake as well as Xuzhou and Hongze Lake already presented the primitive village, started the primitive farming production. more than 3000 years ago, Jiangsu bronzeware's smelting and forging, has achieved the very high technical level. 3- the 6th century, Nanjing became south China's economic civilization center. 7- after the 10th century, south the national economical center of gravity moves, has so-called “the world important matter, supinely in southeast” the view, Yangzhou becomes the national liveliest city. A.D. 14- after the mid-17th century, places such as Suzhou, Songjiang District and Nanjing, become the birthplace which our country capitalism germinates. The 19th century end, modern industries and so on silk reeling, spinning and weaving, bread flour, mining coal, in places such as Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou emerge one after another. Hereafter, Jiangsu's economy, the social development have been among the best in China.