0 Likes

Red Stairway Bridge 丹陛桥 (1231)
Beijing

丹陛桥:

      丹陛桥也称海墁大道,为天坛内坛的主轴线,是连接祈年殿和皇穹宇的南北大道,长360米、宽29.4米的砖石平台。“丹”意为红,“陛”原指宫殿前的台阶。一条笔直坦荡的大道之所以又称“丹陛桥”,是因为平台中部下有二孔涵洞,与上面的大道正好形成立体交叉,故名桥。丹陛桥南端高约1米,接圜丘成贞门;北端高约3米,接及祈谷坛南砖门;将圜丘与祈年殿结为一体,由南向北逐渐升高,构成天坛建筑的主轴线。

      丹陛桥平坦宽阔,中心墁白石,石面稍向上凸起呈弧状,为神舆行径之路,称为“神道”。神道两侧,左侧为“御道”,右侧为“王道”。天帝神灵走神道,皇帝走御道,王公大臣走王道。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8396x4198
Uploaded: 10/01/2014
Updated: 08/08/2014
Views:

...


Tags: altar
comments powered by Disqus

Dxinwei
Temple of Heaven 天坛 (1291)
jacky cheng
Temple of Heaven - area at top of palace steps bridge-2008
Dxinwei
Dan-Bi Bridge 海墁大道 (1237)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar Cheng-zhen door 成贞门 (1249)
Dxinwei
Clothes Changing Platform 具服台 (1225)
Dxinwei
The echo wall 回音壁 (1315)
Dxinwei
Triple Sound Stone 三音石 (1309)
yunzen liu
Beijing UNESCO World Heritage Temple of Heaven——The Imperial Vault of Heaven
jacky cheng
The imperial Vault of Heaven-2008
Dxinwei
Imperial Vault of Heaven 皇穹宇 (1303)
Dxinwei
Temple of Heaven-East Tianmen 东天门 (1219)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-North Lingxing Gate 北棂星门 (1321)
jacky cheng
Jixi County Feng Cungu village - ancient village street
Iraklis Kavouklis
"Telendos island - Kalymnos"
yunzen liu
World Cultural Heritage: Moon Pond in Hongcun Village 安徽宏村月召全景
Jeffrey Martin
Prague from a Balloon
Eduardo Hutter
Le défi de l'ours polaire - The Polar Bear Plunge
LEE HD
Sancheoneo-Ice-Festival-4
Richard Chesher
Noumea Resort l'Escapade Coral Reef
Nikos Giannakopoulos
Gytheio Shipwreck
Vladimir Salman
Устье Тоймы
Jean S Carriere
Ice hotel
yunzen liu
the bamboo raft on yulong river 桂林阳朔遇龙河竹排
Thierry Blondeau
Mont Pelat Allos Mercantour
Dxinwei
Gaoyou 盍簪堂(043)
Dxinwei
Former residence of chinese linguistics-father of Zhao yuanren 汉语言学之父-赵元任故居(007)
Dxinwei
Liu XianShi temple 刘仙师庙 (103)
Dxinwei
Taihu Bay Resort太湖湾度假区(067)
Dxinwei
The 8th China Flower Expo,Henan Garden豫园(271)
Dxinwei
Yongding Gate 永定门 (726)
Dxinwei
The 8th China Flower Expo,Flower Expo Square花博广场( 025)
Dxinwei
Wushan County 巫山县 (136)
Dxinwei
Red Rock village 红岩村 (1677)
Dxinwei
Xidan North Street 西单北大街 (1195)
Dxinwei
The 8th China Flower Expo,Jiangxi Garden江西园(079)
Dxinwei
West Taihu Avenue 西太湖大道 (295)
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.