The Artifice of Juanelo Turriano, nor...
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Panoramic photo by José María Moreno Santiago EXPERT Taken 17:07, 21/09/2010 - Views loading...

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The Artifice of Juanelo Turriano, north elevation

The World > Europe > Spain

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From 1568-1617 Toledo had a wonderful hydraulic machine, unique in the world, then doubled in another similar benefits at the time, designed and built by engineer Juanelo Turriano (1501? -1585), Cremona and Toledo, because large not only are men are born but also where they die. This famous wit managed to climb 17,000 liters of water a day from the river Tagus to the impressive Alcázar saving a distance of 306 meters horizontally and 96 meters vertically inclined path by using only the driving force of water flow. The very few data that history has left us still do the researchers discuss what it was and how it worked exactly but we know from the inventory of 1639, that construction was used 192 metal buckets weighing 17 pounds with two elbows each an overhead trusses arranged and grouped in 24 intermediate units and turrets. The driving force transmitting rods through reciprocating motion. In his installation hundred cars were used for timber and more than half pounds of metal. This internal mechanism for it of course had to construct large masonry at its base and the rest to cover and protection from inclement weather. This photomontage that I present is done with an engraving of Toledo Ladislao Reti on 1650 data and that there are at least two other similar versions. The building has no roof at the bottom because since 1617 the device had stopped working, however it appears that the rest is fully roofed to the end of his entry into the NE tower of the Alcazar, the palace of the king of Spain, through the passage of the Convento del Carmen disappeared footwear whose grandeur testifies to this print and five intermediate stations were more like the raft of the aqueduct, the door of the Forge, the above passage of Caramel, the plain of Santiago, the pen Pavones and the esplanade of the Alcazar. Unfortunately, in 1617, had yet two centuries for Nicephorus Joseph Niepce occurred to him to invent photography, despite the solidity of its construction withstood the vicissitudes long time, some important remains of the beautiful building of the base resisted 300 years time for the cameras Laurent, Clifford, Hauser and Menet and some more glass plates impress your less likely to hand the imagination of artists. A magnificent collection of them by Eduardo Sanchez can be seen in http://toledoolvidado.blogspot.com/2008/09/el-artificio-de-juanelo.html Butragueño Source: Luis Moreno Nieto and Angel Moreno Santiago "Juanelo and Artifice" DB Publishing ISBN 84-611-3484-2

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This panorama was taken in Spain, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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