The naval fortress at Drottningskär
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Panoramic photo by Peter Steneld EXPERT Taken 13:15, 04/09/2011 - Views loading...

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The naval fortress at Drottningskär

The World > Europe > Sweden

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Karlskrona was founded in 1680 by King Carl XI as the new home for the Swedish fleet. At the same time the construction of the naval fortress at Drottningskär on the island of Aspö began. This fortress, together with the fortress at Kungsholmen, was supposed to defend the main entrance to Karlskrona. Originally the fortress at Drottningskär was the main facility, but later that role was taken by Kungsholmen since the potential for expansion was greater there. The fortress at Kungsholmen, which here can be seen to the east, is the world's oldest continuously fortified military installation as it has been manned since the 1600s.

The naval fortresses at Drottningskär and Kungsholmen are both part of the World Heritage the naval port of Karlskrona.

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Nearby images in Sweden

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This panorama was taken in Sweden, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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