The Varatic Monastery is a rather recent monastic settlement. A skete, bearing the same name, was set up in 1781-1785 by an outstanding nun, Olimpiada, together with some other nuns, upon the spiritual advice by Abbot Paisy from Neamt and with the blessing of Metropolitan Gavriil Calimachi. The first church at Varatic was a small church built in wood. As the number of nuns increased, the church was also enlarged by adding a porch. The second church, chronologically speaking, to be built as from 18008 was "the Assumption of our Lady". It was known and named by the community "the larger Church". Its architecturee preserves certain features taken up from the old church architecture and that of thee 18th century in Moldavia. The painting was done in 1882 by painters T. Ioan and D. Iliescu and was cleaned in 1968-1969 by Arutium Avachian.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.