The Varatec Monastery in Moldova, Rom...
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Panoramic photo by Michael Pop EXPERT MAESTRO Taken 07:37, 02/10/2009 - Views loading...

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The Varatec Monastery in Moldova, Romania

The World > Europe > Romania

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The Varatic Monastery is a rather recent monastic settlement. A skete, bearing the same name, was set up in 1781-1785 by an outstanding nun, Olimpiada, together with some other nuns, upon the spiritual advice by Abbot Paisy from Neamt and with the blessing of Metropolitan Gavriil Calimachi. The first church at Varatic was a small church built in wood. As the number of nuns increased, the church was also enlarged by adding a porch. The second church, chronologically speaking, to be built as from 18008 was "the Assumption of our Lady". It was known and named by the community "the larger Church". Its architecturee preserves certain features taken up from the old church architecture and that of thee 18th century in Moldavia. The painting was done in 1882 by painters T. Ioan and D. Iliescu and was cleaned in 1968-1969 by Arutium Avachian.

The other churches of Varatic Convent, built during the 19th century are as follows: "St. John the Baptist's Nativity" - it was built, to start with in wood and then in brick, and "The transfiguration", built in brick and stone, in 1847. This last church was painted on the inside by artist Eremia Profeta in 1965. There is also a chapel dedicated to St. Nicholas on the first floor of the belltower, placed in the middle of the guest house, which was built during the first decades of the 19th century. Particularly the church of "the Assumption" is a valuable artistic monument.

The monastery has a museum that hosts many valuable religious objects and books mostly made by the nuns.

As Varatic Convent is placed in a beautiful glade in the sub-carpatic area, surrounded by meadows and shady forests, it has attracted many writer, poets and scholars. They found here the charming beauty of the environment, the hospitality of the monastic cells and a propitions atmosphere for rest, meditation and creative work. Among there, we recall: D. Bolitineanu, C. Negri, M. Eminescu, Veronica Micle (she is buried here), Gala Galaction, Calistrat Hogas, G. Ibraileanu and many others. Some of them have left outstanding pages describing the charm of the area where the covent is placed and the spiritual features of some of the nuns living here.

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This panorama was taken in Romania, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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