Well at Samharam, Taqah, Salalah, Sultanate of Oman.
The Monumental Building & the well at the Sumhuram Archaeological Site. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. Situated, 4.5 Km from the town of Taqah was one of the ancient trade route to India and China. The wreckage of an old boat is also found nearby.
The Description written on the Archeological Facts board
Samhuram (A wealthy Port between the Mediteranian and India)
The ancient site of Sumhuram (3rd century BC - 5th century AD), built in the area of Khor Rori, is the most important pre-Islamic settlement in the Dhofar region and in the center of frankincense production areas.
South Arabian inscriptions were carved along the monumental gate to the city. Outside the city wall, a small temple and structures contemporary to the first phase of the city were excavated (3rd century BC - 1st century AD).
The great quantity of iron and bronze objects discovered, as well as the presence of a workshop for metals, suggested that the city was also a very important centre for internal trade towards south-eastern Arabia and the northern coast of Oman, which was rich in copper.
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Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.
The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.
Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!
When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.
Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.
Text by Steve Smith.