0 Likes

From the top of Tonina's Mayan Pyramid
Mexico

Tonina (or Toniná in Spanish orthography) is a pre-Columbian archaeological site and ruined city of the Maya civilization located in what is now the Mexican state of Chiapas, some 13 km (8.1 mi) east of the town of Ocosingo.


The site is medium to large, with groups of temple-pyramids set on terraces rising some 71 metres (233 ft) above a plaza, a large court for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame, and over 100 carved monuments, most dating from the 6th century through the 9th centuries AD, duiring the Classic period. Toniná is distinguished by its outstanding stucco sculptures and particularly by its in-the-round carved monuments, produced to an extent not seen in Mesoamerica since the end of the much earlier Olmec civilization.

Toniná was an aggressive state in the Late Classic, using warfare to develop a powerful kingdom. For much of its history, Toniná was engaged in sporadic warfare with Palenque, its greatest rival and one of the most important polities in the west of the Maya region, although Toniná eventually became the dominant city in the west.

The city is notable for having the last known Long Count date on any Maya monument, marking the end of the Classic Maya period in AD 909

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonin%C3%A1

View More »

Copyright: Jose luis perez
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12502x6251
Uploaded: 14/03/2010
Updated: 25/02/2012
Views:

...


Tags:
comments powered by Disqus

Jose Luis Perez
Tonina's Pyramid inner structure
Jose Luis Perez
At Tonina's Mayan Ruins
Jose Luis Perez
Mountains in Chiapas
Dmitry Yurlagin
Mexico 199 road view
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul - Upper Section
Arroz Marisco
Upper Stretch of Agua Azul
Jose Luis Perez
Agua Azul Waterfalls
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul Waterfalls
Jose Luis Perez
Agua Azul Waterfall
Arroz Marisco
Agua Azul Waterfalls, Chiapas, Mexico
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul
Jose Luis Perez
Destruction of the Lacandona Jungle
Renzo Falconi
Santuario - Madonna Della Corona - Spiazzi (VR) -
pix
Echo Lake [1]
Nothing Gold Can Stay
Unkle Kennykoala
Canberra - Floriade 1
Jeffrey Martin
King's Cross St. Pancras Station
Matveev Pavel
Dvoinoe Mine
Calvin Jones
Head of Reds Canyon, San Rafael Swell, Utah
panoramas-thailand.com
Spa Chaweng Beach Road Samui
Marco den Herder
Eindhoven - Prehistoric Village at the 'Eindhoven Museum'
Jan Vrsinsky
Kopule v kolonade u Ottova pramene
John Roberts
Broken Hill, Torrey Pines SNR, San Diego, California, USA
Andrew Bodrov
Crew of 33/34 long expedition to the ISS arrived to Baikonur
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Guadalajara Centro 13
Jose Luis Perez
Guanajuato College
Jose Luis Perez
Inside the Templo de la Compañía 2
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Mercado De Artesanías El Parián 01
Jose Luis Perez
Shopping in Ciudad Valles
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Foro Sol 02
Jose Luis Perez
Dsc0109 Dsc0121 Ret360 00x180 00
Jose Luis Perez
Zamora's tradesmen
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Deportivo Cuemanco 05 Dsc7918
Jose Luis Perez
Yaxchilan Ruins 30
Jose Luis Perez
Sir Edward James' Castle 15
Jose Luis Perez
By the river at Las Nubes
More About North America

North America includes Mexico, the United States, Canada, and Gotham City.The region temporarily existed as a Protectorate of His Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, with its capital being the city of San Francisco. Sadly, this term of benevolent ebullience lasted a brief two decades and ended c. 1880.The United States is now the dominant country of North America. It arose as a nation only 225 years ago after a successful rebellion against the British government under King George III. From a distance, it appears that the eastern coastlines of North and South America fit exactly into the west coast of Africa. In fact, about 250 million years ago these continents really were all connected in one land mass that we have named Pangaea.With such a foundation in tectonic unity, there is no doubt that someday soon the people on every continent of earth will realize their fundamental similarities. Expect massive leaps in creative output in your area!Text by Steve Smith.