Torreón Picarte Leyenda - Valdivia
Share
mail
License license
loading...
Loading ...

Panoramic photo by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN) EXPERT Taken 13:34, 20/02/2012 - Views loading...

Advertisement

Torreón Picarte Leyenda - Valdivia

The World > South America > Chile

Tags: history

  • Like / unlike
  • thumbs up
  • thumbs down

The Canelos and Picarte towers, Chile


The towers Picarte The Canelos and are the only remnants that remain standing from the old fortress of Valdivia. The city, founded in 1552 by Pedro de Valdivia, was devastated by the Indian uprising occurred in the late sixteenth century. During the seventeenth century, the Viceroy Antonio de Toledo of Peru, sent an army equipped with a contingent of 900 men, store, and lots of building materials, to meet two objectives: refound the city of Valdivia and establish fortifications in area, particularly in the mouth of the river of that name. These objectives were high priority for the Spanish Crown, under this strategic character. It was necessary to maintain imperial sovereignty well defended this coastal area, exposed to the ambitions of rival powers (England, Holland, France), who had already dabbled in it by various expeditions.


Viceroy Toledo management led to the largest stronghold of the American Pacific coast, composed of a set of fortifications among which include the forts of Corral and Niebla, the Castillo de San Luis de Alba and San Pedro of bitters, among others. With respect to Valdivia, plus refound this city, the navy sent by the Viceroy proceeded to fortify it too, giving it fascines and earth defenses that would later be replaced by stone walls. It is however in the eighteenth century when the fortification plan reaches its full implementation Valdivia, under a comprehensive plan developed by engineer John Garland. An important part of this plan was the construction of two towers, the Governor of the square Joaquin Espinoza executed in 1774 under the threat posed no rivals both Europeans and natives of the place.


The towers Picarte and Los Canelos (formerly called "mud") are cylindrical in shape and were built with brick and lime, the walls have a thickness of 60 centimeters at its base and 30 inches at the top. The structures were designed to serve as watchmen or viewpoints, however, they are also used as dungeons, powder magazines and windmills. The construction of these defenses proved very frustrating for Espinoza, who was questioned by the alleged uselessness of these structures.

comments powered by Disqus

Nearby images in Chile

map

A: Valdivia - Río Calle Calle

by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN), 1.5 km away

Valdivia (founded as Santa María la Blanca de Valdivia by the conquistador Pedro de Valdivia) is the ...

Valdivia - Río Calle Calle

B: Valdivia - Río Calle Calle

by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN), 1.6 km away

Valdivia (founded as Santa María la Blanca de Valdivia by the conquistador Pedro de Valdivia) is the ...

Valdivia - Río Calle Calle

C: Museo de la Cerveza - Cervecería Kunstmann

by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN), 4.5 km away

Kunstmann es una marca de cerveza chilena, producida en la ciudad de Valdivia por la Compañía Cervece...

Museo de la Cerveza - Cervecería Kunstmann

D: Castillo de la Pura y Limpia Concepción de Monfort de Lemus

by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN), 15.7 km away

El Castillo de la Pura y Limpia Concepción de Monfort de Lemus(en honor al Virrey del Perú, Conde de ...

Castillo de la Pura y Limpia Concepción de Monfort de Lemus

E: Fuerte Español Niebla - Valdivia

by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN), 15.7 km away

The strong system of Valdivia, also known as a whole, as the Key to the South Sea, is a set of fortif...

Fuerte Español Niebla - Valdivia

F: Mancera Fortress

by jaguileratapia, 15.7 km away

Mancera Fortress

G:

by La Nube 360, 74.7 km away

Aerial panorama of the town of Coique Bay on Lake Ranco in the region of rivers, Chile. The Ranco is ...

H: Templo Capuchino de Panguipulli

by Marco Antonio, 79.2 km away

Templo Capuchino de Panguipulli

I: Iglesia San Sebastián de Panguipulli

by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN), 79.3 km away

 Panguipulli (from Mapudungun pangipülli, "Cougar land", or maybe pangipüllü "Cougar spirit", the ety...

Iglesia San Sebastián de Panguipulli

J: Monumento Mapuche y Conquista Araucana Panguipulli

by Luis A. Romero Pavez (WroKeN), 80.1 km away

Panguipulli (from Mapudungun pangipülli, "Cougar land", or maybe pangipüllü "Cougar spirit", the etym...

Monumento Mapuche y Conquista Araucana Panguipulli

This panorama was taken in Chile, South America

This is an overview of South America

South America makes up the southern half of the Americas and a large part of Latin America. It's home to the world's longest mountain range, biggest waterfall and largest river -- even these mammoths pale in comparison to the stunning variety of life forms thriving in the rainforest.

To the northwest, off the coast of Ecuador, lie the Galapagos Islands, which are unique for hosting species not found anywhere else on earth. These were the subject of study for Charles Darwin in his theory of evolution, which he himself said will require proof in every single case.

The main languages in South America are Spanish and Portugese, which basically tells you which European countries colonized the place. The South American wars of independence took place over two decades in the early 19th century, led by Simon Bolivar of Venezuela and Jose san Martin of Argentina.

Following liberation from Portugal and Spain, South America took off into its own development, capitalizing on the rich deposits of oil, gold, copper, silver and tango musicians.

Brazil is the largest country in South America and home to one of the world's best parties, Carnaval. Have you heard of samba music? How about bossa nova? Maybe dancing for three days straight?

I can't say enough good things about South America. All the world's continents have amazing secrets and treasures laying in wait for your discovery, but in South America... just have a look at our pictures while you're waiting for online confirmation of your plane tickets to hit your inbox.

Text by Steve Smith.

Share this panorama