Tower of St Martin of Hoyos (In)
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Panoramic photo by Miguel Angel EXPERT Taken 10:25, 25/05/2012 - Views loading...

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Tower of St Martin of Hoyos (In)

The World > Europe > Spain > Northern Spain

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It's a square base eleven meters side and its height varies between 13 and 15 meters.

The thickness of the walls is nearly two meters (1.70 to 1.85) for the ground floor and the first floor and 1.5 meters for the second.

On the east side stands the only lower access door with arch that still retains the upper beam where the hinges of the doors were embedded. It can be also seen openings where the beam to fit the door stuck.

On the first floor there is a single hole in the west wall, which for its size seems to be more a door than a window. It presents well carved voussoirs and arch ends.

The second floor is the one with more openings. Two loopholes in the north and east sides and two windows ending in pointed arch arranged asymmetrically in the two remaining sides.

The timber frame would be based on a central stem from which runs the entire structure.

The construction was completed with a roof to four waters.

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Source

Cuadernos de Campoo (nº9,set 1997)

Torres medievales en la merindad de Campoo

Gerardo Hernández Nevado

http://personales.mundivia.es/flipi/cuadernos/cuaderno_9/torres_medievales.htm

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This panorama was taken in Northern Spain, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

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Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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