Ballarat with a population of approximately 85,000 is Victoria's largest inland city 100 kilometres northwest of Melbourne. A gold rush in the 1850's transformed the town into a major city in the goldfields region of Victoria with many heritage listed buildings.
Victoria is Australia's second smallest State and covers only 3% of Australia's land area but has the second highest population of all States and Territories. Victoria's mainland and islands have a total length of 2,512 kilometres coastline which is about 4.2% of Australia's 59,736 kilometres of coastline. Australia is the driest inhabited continent and Victoria is no exception although the state capital Melbourne has the reputation to have 4 seasons in one day. Victoria is located in the southeast of mainland Australia and includes the most southern point on mainland Australia at Wilsons Promontory National Park.