Tung Chung San Tau Village 東涌石散頭村
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Panoramic photo by njohn EXPERT Taken 09:15, 19/05/2013 - Views loading...

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Tung Chung San Tau Village 東涌石散頭村

The World > Asia > China > Hong Kong

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石散頭村對開濕地,因為存育有海草床,己列為具特殊科學價值地點。海草(Seagrass)不同於海藻(Seaweed),是水中唯一的開花植物。香港共有四種,分別是大葉藻(Dwarf Eel Grass)、貝克喜鹽草(Becar’s Halophila)、喜鹽草(Oval Halophila)、川蔓藻(Widgeon Grass)。海草是繼紅樹林和珊瑚礁以外又一個重要的海洋生態系統,大面積的連片海草被稱為海草床,是許多大型海洋生物甚至哺乳動物賴以生存的棲息地,在生態上具有重要意義。石散頭村濕地有紅樹及類紅樹多種(例如秋茄、木欖、海欖雌、海漆、桐花樹,而類紅樹有黃槿及海芒果),紅樹(Mangrove)是潮澗帶生長的木本植物,不同文獻對紅樹有不同的分類。李成業 水上森林 (2002) 中的真紅樹有8類:木欖、秋茄、欖李、海漆、桐花樹、銀葉樹、海欖雌、鬯蕨;類紅樹有4種包括老鼠簕、黃槿、海芒果、楊葉肖槿。王文卿、王瑁 中國紅樹林 (2007) 其中香港地區的真紅樹有9種紀錄:木欖、秋茄、欖李、海漆、桐花樹、老鼠簕、海欖雌、鬯蕨及紅海欖(已滅絕);類紅樹有7種,包括假茉莉、水黃皮、闊苞菊、黃槿、海芒果、楊葉肖槿、銀葉樹。石散頭濕地也是中國鱟(又名馬蹄蟹 Horseshoe Crab)的繁殖地點。鱟的祖先出現在地質歷史時期古生代的泥盆紀(Devonian Period),當時恐龍尚未崛起,它可是地球上最古老的動物之一,被稱為活化石。有人也稱它為馬蹄蟹,其實它與蟹沒有關係,倒是跟蠍子、蜘蛛有親緣。鱟是節肢動物(Arthropoda)肢口綱劍尾目動物,現存有3屬4種。值得一提,鱟的血液是綠色的。

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This panorama was taken in Hong Kong

This is an overview of Hong Kong

Overview and History

Hong Kong sits on the south coast of China, on the Pearl River Delta. It's got a population of more than seven million people and is one of the most densely populated places on earth. It also appears to be putting into place the template for population management, which cities around the world will be implementing as soon as they can afford it. More on that later.

Archaeological evidence dates human activity beneath present-day Hong Kong back to the stone age. The area was first settled by people from the mainland during the Han dynasty, around the beginning of the common era (the P.C. term for when B.C. changed to A.D. Whoa!)

For hundreds of years, Hong Kong was a small fishing community and haven for travelers, with a few pirates here and there. Then whitey showed up.

Western influence reached China at the beginning of the 15th century, when all those great explorers in boats were cruising for loot in strange and mysterious places. Tea and silk were the commodities connecting eastern Europe to China, and Hong Kong was known as a safe harbor through which to pass. When you're carrying the Queen's tea, it's especially important to avoid ARRRRRRguments with pirates. Hyuk hyuk hyuk.

Seriously folks -- in the eighteenth century Britain was doing a booming business with China, offering Indian opium to balance their extensive purchases of fine porcelains and everything else. The opium was ordained to be for medicinal purposes only, of course.

Well, as you may imagine, the Chinese got sick of opium fiends junking up the place, so they attempted to stop the British suppliers, to no avail. The Opium Wars resulted and ended with China ceding Hong Kong to the British, in fear of their massive naval power. This took place in the year 1841.

Colonization soon followed, Hong Kong shot up in value as an international port, and its population increased dramatically. In 1898 Britain acquired additional territories on a 99 year lease -- expiring in 1997. Does that year sound familiar? Read on.

In the 20th century Hong Kong changed hands several times. The British surrendered it to Japan during World War Two, then took it back after Japan's defeat, then gave it to China later. Immediately following the war, Hong Kong served as a safe haven for hundreds of thousands of Chinese refugees, while the Chinese National Government was losing its civil war against communist leadership.

The population of Hong Kong exploded as corporations seeking to escape Chinese isolationism arrived and set up shop. Cheap labor in the textile and manufacturing industries steadily built up the economy and ensured foreign investment. By the end of the 20th century Hong Kong had become a financial mammoth offering banking services to the world.

In 1997 Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule with a few stipulations in place to guarantee its economic autonomy, as much as possible. The phrase "one country, two systems" was coined by the Chinese to describe the relationship between the mainland and Hong Kong.

Getting There

Well, where do you want to get to from the Hong Kong International Airport? There are ferries servicing six mainland ports in the Pearl River Delta Region. Airport Express Railway connects directly to downtown Hong Kong, and it has been rated the best airport in the world multiple times.

The Airport Express Railway will get you into Hong Kong in about an hour, for $100. Public buses cost $10 and take a little longer. For direct service to your hotel you can take one of the hotel's private buses ($120+) or a taxi ($300+). As you can see, waiting time is optional for those who can afford it.

Here's a little blurb on travel times, with further information for access to nearby cities (cross-boundary transport).

Transportation

Grab an Octopus card when you arrive. Octopus is the world's first electronic ticket-fare card system and the Hong Kong public transportation system is the world leader in people-moving. 90% of Hong Kongers get around on public transportation.

Octopus covers the Airport Rail line, buses, ferries, the rapid-transit MTR network, supermarkets, fast food outlets, phone booths... It's how to get around the cashless economy.

Nevermind the microchip built into it, you'll get used to having one of those on you at all times -- and soon they'll be internal! What do I mean? Many schools in Hong Kong even use the Octopus card to check attendance, because you read the card's data with an external scanner from a distance. This will the global norm soon. What if that chip is installed in your body? It's in the works baby!

The hilly Hong Kong terrain also demands some special modes of transportation. If you've been to Pittsburgh, you may have some idea of how cool it is to ride a cable car up the side of a mountain, overlooking a majestic harbor and city. Multiply that by about ten thousand and you've got Hong Kong: vertical-travel trams, moving sidewalks, and the world's longest outdoor escalator system.

People and Culture

The local currency is the Hong Kong dollar (HKD) which is pegged to the U.S. dollar. Official languages are Chinese and English.  You're on your own, baby!  Dive into the swarming, throbbing, pulsing, crawling and teeming mix!

Things to do & Recommendations

The Peak Tower and its shopping Galleria are the biggest tourist attraction in Hong Kong so don't miss it.

Cool off in the Kowloon Park public indoor swimming pool!

After that, go see what's happening at the Hong Kong Fringe Club, a non-profit organisation which puts together exhibitions for international artists and performers.

Organize sports fans flock to the Hong Kong Stadium, but there's good news for disorganized sportistas too -- Mountain biking is now legal in the parks! Have at it, baby!

All this excitement is going to make you hungry. Springtime is traditionally the time to celebrate seafood, summer is for fruits, and winter steams with hot pot soups to keep you warm.

The best thing to do is go and find some dim sum. Dozens of plates of tasty small items, sort of like sushi but it's cooked, and the varieties are endless.

Since you won't be able to walk down the street without complete and total sensory overload, I'll just whap in the Hong Kong tourist board's guide to dining and leave you to your intuition.

Good luck, take it slow and above all -- DON'T SPIT OUT YOUR CHEWING GUM ON THE SIDEWALK. Gum is legal but there's a $500 fine for intentional littering. Enjoy!

Text by Steve Smith.

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