Two Churches of Ruhnu island, Estonia
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Panoramic photo by Vil Muhametshin PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Taken 11:16, 16/08/2008 - Views loading...

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Two Churches of Ruhnu island, Estonia

The World > Europe > Latvia

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The wooden Church (St. Madeline's Church) is the oldest known wooden building still standing in Estonia - its construction was started in 1643. After the Ruhnu Swedish left, the purpose of this house of God was forgotten for half a century. The wooden church was newly consecrated in 1999.

More info at - http://www.visitestonia.com/en/st-madeline-s-church-in-ruhnu


Ruhnu's New Church was built two meters from the old wooden church. The walls of the church are made from rocks cut to shape on location. Only the church tower was built from wood. The New Church was consecrated in 1912.

Good to know:
Proud standing on the church balcony is Nikolaus Bell, one of the oldest church bells in Estonia.
Only candlelight is used for lighting services.
In 2006, the congregation of the small island with a population of 60 used their own resources to repair the leaning cross at the top of the tower, and the tower top shot full of holes by seal hunters.

http://www.visitestonia.com/en/ruhnu-s-new-church


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This panorama was taken in Latvia, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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