Umm Al Jimal
Umm el-Jimal is a fascinating archaeological site and modern community in northern Jordan, just 70 minutes northeast of the nation’s capital city, Amman. Almost 2,000 years ago nomadic peoples settled in the area, founding a small village on the edge of the desert that was watered with runoff from the nearby Jebel Hauran. After the Roman period the village developed into a thriving Byzantine and then Islamic town of up to 5,000 people, built from sturdy basalt stone. Today remains of over 150 buildings still stand amid a vibrant town of about 6,000. Sophisticated ancient water channels and reservoirs are scattered among the ruins, once serving thousands of people and animals
Umm el-Jimal is a fascinating archaeological site and modern community in northern Jordan, just 70 mi...
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Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.
The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.
Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!
When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.
Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.
Text by Steve Smith.