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Kremlin, near monument KN Batyushkov

Вологодский кремль — историко-архитектурный ансамбль в центральной части Вологды, заложенный как крепость в 1567 году по приказу царя Ивана Грозного и игравший роль оборонительного укрепления в XVI—XVII веках. К 1820-м годам стены и башни кремля были разобраны. В настоящее время Вологодским кремлём не вполне корректно называют укреплённый комплекс Архиерейского двора XVII века, находившийся внутри крепости Ивана Грозного.

Copyright: Alexey Yuzhakov
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10000x5000
Taken: 09/11/2009
Uploaded: 24/11/2009
Updated: 02/03/2015
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Tags: russia vologda kremlin night winter
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Vologda was first mentioned in Novgorod chronicles for 1147, when Saint Gerasimus found a church and village already standing there. Surrounded by impassable woods, the settlement was inhabited by Novgorodians who pulled the ships from a tributary of theVolga to a tributary of the Northern Dvina, thus making possible navigation from the White Sea to the Caspian. In 1273 the city was ravaged by a Mongol raid. It was not until 1412, when the area was ceded by Novgorod Republic to Muscovy, that the town acquired any measure of importance. The princes of Muscovy made Vologda their outpost in the North. By the end of the century, Vologda eclipsed the ancient centre of that region, Belozersk. Its commercial importance further increased when the Muscovy Company started its operations in Russia.