At four kilometers from Sokobanja time to Rtanj separates the Latin-Vrmdžanskom city and lake. There are board, but it is set up so that it can read only traveler who is on the other side of the road. They say it is still one of the "diversion''of those who fear that the spa and the village below Jošanica Rtnja Sokobanja
not distract guests. The road is rebuilt with the help of the European Union, but only to the village of Targovishte. More could a malicious add that investors did not know to pronounce the name of the village - Vrmdza.
Where did this pretty village this is an unusual name, he asks everyone to hear it. Who gave it to him and the words come from? In the end it still says that the rain rains from the clouds, and that they should turn on the water in the garden. Well, turn on the word origin of the name Vrmdza and Vrnjci and Vrmac. This means that a place with that name has many sources, streams, creeks, small rivers, including rivers, because the word VRM, water marks, as important, says the source (Lipovac - a source of lime addition).
Therefore, it should not miss the turn and visit this beautiful village Sokobanja.
The path goes between zatalasanih fields, orchards and beautiful landscaped lawn on the hill where the village church is located just before the village center. And in the village, surrounded by houses seeing the high rocks like a shield. It is a Latin city. Its history dates from the fourth century, when he was a keeper of the Imperial road, later Byzantine bulwark against the invasion of the Slavs, and then finding the whole of the aristocracy to him in his quest, 1413th year, crashed Bajazet's son, Sultan Musa, also known as Musa Kesedzija. It was the time when they were demolished and Soko-city, Lipovački city, Bovan and other fortifications in the area. They say that after this life been here almost died much as two hundred years.
The village is far from Sokobanja only ten kilometers, at an altitude of 500 meters, has about 200 households with 800 inhabitants, mostly engaged in agriculture. Use healthy water from mountain springs of water supply comes in almost every household. Street lighting is illuminated, provided a good audibility of mobile phones and almost every house has a phone. Soul given to rural, eco-tourism!
Tomislav Ž. Popovic
The legend of Vrmdza
ImagePo legends and oral tradition Vrmdza originated in ancient times since the settlement of old Slavs in this region, and was founded by the Duke of Vrmdza, and through him and got its name. It was at that time by the end of this legend was covered by dense forest and completely uninhabited, and Duke was on a vertical cliff which towered and dominated the entire meet, raised their base from which to see the whole environment.
The story from generation to generation, that in these dark woods were plenty of game, and some miraculous and inexplicable forces that were attacking stray passengers and they would disappear without a trace. But according to legend, the Duke was able to iskrčišume and expel evil spirits, which probably accounted for the remains, various barbarian hordes of displaced at the time nesigurnostiivelikih turmoil.
Many people especially the locals Vrmdza still believe in our area still exist and the "wicked and inexplicable evil forces" and tells a variety of legends and adventures fabricated and exaggerated.
Theoretical data Vrmdza
ImagePo some istorijskimspisima unfortunately very scarce, Vrmdza occurred in the time when the Roman Empire conquered the Balkans as part of the Roman fortified camp station and who defended the old paved road "Imperial Way" which went to Bulgaria and still make up one whole roads are connecting the remotest corners of the Roman Empire, but who are constantly exposed to attacks of local barbarian peoples, the Romans never managed to completely submit.
According to these data, this area was at that time really was covered with dense impenetrable hundred year old oak forests and sparsely populated. These trees were ideal for hiding belligerent barbarians always dressed in the skin of wild beasts with teeth iskeženim so the Romans must have seemed supernatural.
After the division of the eastern and western Roman Empire the area was left in the Eastern Empire in Byzantium and which in time became quite separate state of Rome and other cultures, but the fortresses and still had its original meaning and it is known that the Byzantines renew 530th floor. BC and enlarged in accordance with the development of technology.
Upon arrival of the Bulgarians and the Slavs of the Byzantine Empire lost territory and the Bulgarians take some time, this area along with Vrmdza. Since it bears the name Vrmdza is not known how it got the name.
With the conquest of Serbian kings, this area became the Serbian end of November and early December. century. Since that time consisted of Krajina border fortress and as has already Knjaževac (Gurgusovac) was a Bulgarian, Turkish and later.
Lords of Vrmdza wore the title of Duke of Krajina and the ban and were very wealthy and influential.
Appearance strongholds Vrmdza
ImageTvrðava was raised on a vertical cliff next to the river flowed. She was surrounded by three rows of the walls, across the river to enter the first line was a movable bridge, and atop cliffs fortified castle which was an especially fortress in stronghold. Stena has such a position that was virtually impregnable, and her only flaw was that the water received from water that was outside the walls. The crew consisted of 500 riders and pedestrians.
The village did not exist, as well as arable land, but forests were everywhere and some vineyards. Below the fortress was also a place where the family lived a warrior.
Image of the fifteenth century caused a tumultuous time with the arrival of the Turks and it is known that the Sultan Musa 1412th Whatever. conquered cities Bolvan, Stalać, Lipovac Vrmdza whose crew banished beyond the walls so that it has cut off the water supply. Kefalija Bogdan performed Musa army and attacked at a place called "Srna sec" gde'su all gloriously died because they did not want to surrender. The Turks did not stay long because they are the army of Despot Stefan drove, broke to the Bulgarian border and killed and the Sultan Musa.
Other sights Vrmdza
In Vrmdza of the Middle Ages, monasteries were built more (three) and many churches, which was a founder of SLI. One of the most famous monastery of the present village church of St. Trinity in place "Crkovac". the other two monasteries were the Monastery of St.. Nikola in the village "Oraviţa", and the third something "Kalucterovo" Rtnja below.
Image monasteries and churches are mostly Gracen in the thirteenth and fourteenth century, although the addition of St. Trinity, there is a grave and records on which outlines the 1211th years.
With the arrival of the Turks occurred in mixed areas are large and tumultuous change and upheaval. From these times there is almost no information, only known to the sixteenth century plague destroyed the inhabitants of these places and devastated the area.
After the great migrations and persecutions 1699th Whatever. many refugees have found refuge in the remote forested areas where the Turks are not happy frequented and settled there, forming many settlements carving wood and creating a fertile area.
In addition Vrmdza nearby there is another village, which is "Pakleš" that existed until the 1790th Whatever. when during the Kocine Border was a great battle the Turks and thieves.
After liberation from the Turks in this region began in Vrmdza among the first in Serbia to build a large and important buildings of the school 1834th Whatever. School and previously worked in the house that the Church is the oldest house of the southern and eastern Serbia. School is in the new building began operations 1854th Whatever. and it went from Vrmdza students, šarbanovca, MUŽINCA, Targovishte and Žučkovca.
Vrmdza at that time was among the largest and most developed villages in the vicinity and are being developed. Church in Vrmdza was destroyed in the I and II Serbian Uprising, but the Turkish vizier restored and gave her a written decree of the Turkish emperor that none of the Muslims, never to be touched until the Islamic faith. 1857th Whatever. church received a bell, and the 1893rd Whatever. and second, even bigger bell and both are still in use today. That year was restored frescoes in the church that was later destroyed and now there is only one fresco in the dome of the church.
ImageCelinu Vrmdza beauty and give a number of natural beauty and landscape, especially the lake is a true pearl of beauty and rounded up whole villages.
Vrmdza continued development and after I. World War II and became the very place where livestock is the list of 1921. Whatever. there were about 17,000 sheep, and over 370th homes.
Image After the Second World. War. and exhaustion of the village came to the difficult postwar years were even more destroyed all the villages and even Vrmdza because by telling stories of older residents who remember that time can be seen that the new government callously terrorized villagers and taking their last grain of the harvest and leaving them without ¬ dstava happy throughout the winter and it took ten years but during that time many residents picked up their household and moved into town in search of bread, and so since 1950. Whatever. the village begin to stagnate and decline.
Great expansion of our people abroad in early 1970th Whatever. most impact on the village, and from then until now many people from Vrmdza odmamila the white world. Now, on average, every other house in the village has at least one family member abroad, while many families left the village forever, or almost become strangers, and because their children forget their mother tongue and became a naturalized French, Germans, Swiss and others.
ImageČinjenice popopisu show that in 2001. Whatever. Vrmdza were about the 168th houses of which one third of the three tenants Podva mostly older than 50 Whatever. which leads to unfortunate fact that for the foreseeable future will disappear and the village. What they failed to do either barbarians or the cruelty of all ages, even the Turks have done so. A better and easier way of life and so will this village, if this continues to be a hazy one legend that no one will be safe if it is true or is the result of someone's imagination.
Text source: Vrmdza